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The role of resilience in the academic field
In order to understand the exposed topic, we must first know what resilience is, since it may not be a concept known to all.
Today we live in a world where many students are constantly subject to stressful and sometimes traumatic situations that prevent themwhether heartbreaking, stressful or challenging and being able to resist that avalanche of events to recover and adapt successfully. The psychologist Andrea Méndez (2016) describes that the characteristics that stand out to resilient people are: their ability to adapt, the power to realize things regarding itself, not depend on others at the time of overcoming adversities, having an initiative to get up andface the problem, and also have the possibility of living healthy in an insane environment or in complicated situations (para.8). We have been presented with difficult times at some point, it can be taken as an example, a student who gets low notes in a course despite striving, if this student can lose the course and take it again, he needs resilience,self – esteem and strength to overcome this and know that it will be fine.
In this way, we can understand that resilience is not an unimportant concept, but a skill that helps us to deal with complicated situations and if we develop it in an appropriate way we can apply it in many situations that arise in life in life. In this way we can affirm that resilience arises from oneself, to see difficult situations and not let it destroy us, but to get more strengthened from that situation, facing adversities with our strengths.
On the contrary, by not being able to adapt or strengthen in this series of stressful or challenging situations we can say that something popularly known as burnout arises. According to Grawitch, M., & Ballard, D. (2016) is defined as “a prolonged period of time in which someone experiences exhaustion and lack of interest in things, resulting in a decrease in their performance” (paragraph.3.). For this research, despite the fact that this syndrome is more common in the workplace, if an approach is made on the student side, the definition will remain the same, students with Burnout have constant tiredness even in carrying out their academic activities, inThese cases are most identified as symptoms or consequences, such as: low tolerance to frustration, loss of expectations towards future plans, depersonalization can be given, where the person feels separate from himself, as well as anxiety, depression, depressionand dysphoria. (Labrador, 2017)
At this point, we perceive that the academic burnout is a syndrome that, effectively in students and we find resilience as an important factor to reduce, because with this capacity we can cope with situations that threaten personal development.
It is very common for people to have experienced stress as a result of a particular event, but the burnout is different, this does not occur overnight or because of a traumatic event as in the case of resilience, this syndrome canIt takes months or years to develop, so we believe it is convenient to present it since it is important), I survey to 354 students and the following was found:
The most frequent cause of this syndrome for a large percentage was the overload of assignments or tasks, almost half of the students who presented symptoms related to burnout indicated feelings of overwhelmed and of great demand on them as the main cause of the problems. (Cushman & West, 2006)
We must not ignore the fact that we also share responsibilities both in our academic life and our personal life and the need to culminate all duties generates tension in us.
At this point, the concept of academic resilience helps us understand the process of facing adversities in the academic field and how to adapt despite being in a situation of stress or vulnerability according to the experiences we have presented. "Resilience does not make the misfortunes of your life disappear, being resilient is to understand that life is hard" (Méndez, 2016. para.8). Given this, we can mention that a synonym for resilience is strength, so we can affirm that there is a close relationship in these concepts. Without strength, people would not be able to face various situations that can occur, it is a very important factor for resilience to occur and in this case, it is a fundamental part of the students’ development, since at this stage it is where in somemoment have been able to experience adversities, challenges or pressure situations during their academic life and even more so as not to fall into the aforementioned academic burnout.
Resilience is very important as strength, according to our point of view, strength is one of the bases for resilience to be effective, since the student thanks to the security and confidence that the strength will generate will make a personresilient and fulfilled properly. For this reason, developing resilience must be taken into account as an objective to which it should be aspired, so that, in this way, academic adversities do not collapse one as a student, but strengthen it.
Currently, university students come to face different adversities in the academic field such as;The demand and overload of works, lack of support, academic competence, conflicting relationships in the student environment, school failure and low academic performance, etc. In their study Gómez and Rivas describe that “resilient students have as its characteristic the conjugation of better academic results to what is expected and certain contextual conditions of risk” (P. 6).
Each of these risk situations is a great negative impact and it has to be understood how harmful these situations that occur with some frequency during the university stage, since the academic demand is very different compared to that ofPrimary and secondary, in addition that the pressure of society is not a novelty for being professional, being reflected in university students such as fear of failure, not to be no one for not finishing the career, fear of family disappointment,Not to achieve your agreed goals, etc.
The way for academic success is not easy, obstacles will always be presented to us, but it only depends on us to overcome that adversity to ensure that the objectives we have set become our achievements, thanks to our own skills, whether acquired by ussame throughout our lives such as insight, strength, autonomy and long -awaited resilience. In this way, this set of qualities drives us to arise satisfactorily of difficult situations, it helps us to go beyond the problems we have, achieving our objectives and self-realization in our lives.
As is knowledge, Bangladés is the country that contains the highest rate of child marriage. Sharmin Akter, at the age of 15 was going to be a victim of these childrento allow their rights not to be respected and their great desire to continue their studies. These reasons were those that promoted her to fight against her mother’s attempts to marry her repeatedly, breaking her silence and advocating her rights, which led her to put her own mother and her possible future husband in front of justice. Thanks to this decision Sharmin Akter became a Bangladesh activist against childrenHis satisfactory notes and continue with law studies, in addition to continuing to fight with campaigns against the harmful tradition of early and forced marriages.
Sharmin is a great example of resilience, because she did not allow her own motherAdversity, did not let this episode of her life destroy her, in addition to not depending on anyone but herself, in her strengths and believing in herself, her abilities and in which she deserved to be fine, where she finally got her success so muchstaff as your long -awaited academic success. It is not easy what Sharmin did, many other girls must have gone through these situations in silence, but this was not his case, but I look for all the alternatives at his disposal to get out of his problem, achieve his goals and to thusHelp more victims than her suffer from this tradition that the only thing that causes is damage to girls.
Resilience is, however much, one of the necessary characteristics to face the problems we have in our lives, since it gives us the ability to resist these and cope with them to continue with our goals, we need it for many aspects of our life and oneOf the most important would be the academic field, this stage is decisive in training and decision -making, a person who lacks resilience usually succumbs to academic pressure and the pressure of this can generate negative emotions that hinder decision makingReasonable to this is called Burnout and you can experience the following: fear of giving family shame, feeling hate for their own failures, feeling uncertainty for the future and among other emotions that we will not go into detail. That would be the situation with a person with little or no resilience, now we go to the case of a resilient person, the problems would only be a setback, even when they seem impossible to solve, since the resilient person will look for a variety of alternatives to solve them,The willpower, strength and hope are two very notorious characteristics of this type of people.
- Cushman, s., & West, R. (2006). Precursors to College Student Burnout: Developing to Typology of Understnding. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 7 (1), 23-31. DOI: https: // doi.org/10.1080/17459430600964638
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- Gomez, g., & Rivas, M. (August 7, 2017). Academic resilience, new perspectives for interpretation of learning in contexts of social vulnerability. Santiago, Chile.
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- Méndez, a. (May 30, 2016). Changes and Challenges: Better2you. Obtained from Better2you: https: // Better2you.com/que-e-la-resilience-and-its-importance
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- Vaiana, d. (February 21, 2020). Burnout in College: What Causes It and How To Avoid It. Obtained from College Info Geek Website: https: // College Info Geek.com/Student-Burnout/
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