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The role of linguistics in the formation of the language teacher
Throughout history, education has gone through different stages, causing problems due to the lack of student training or teacher teaching, where the results of the students, show qualifications well below the expected. Because of this, the language ceased to be an object of study in itself to acquire a utilitarian character, that is, it is no longer directed to the knowledge and inclusion of the linguistic system, but to the operation of the system as an instrument in teaching-learningof activities such as reading and writing, to deepen other areas. Initially, the concept of intelligence focused on the cognitive aspect, but later, aspects referring to the cultural, social, affective dimensions, among others, were involved. This is why today the training of the teacher has been implemented through the use of linguistics, generating new forms and methods of study, where he proposes that the teacher must have a critical function in order to strengthen the knowledge and intuitions that areThey require in order to teach their students, the student wants to have knowledge in different knowledge, such as scientific, technological, personal and professional, where the part of the verbal or written language is highlighted. Therefore, the teaching activity is subject at all times to a continuous renewal analysis in any teaching-learning process based fundamentally, on the relationship it has with its students, and essential tasks are carried out for the evaluation of allThe elements of the education system, since it is the teacher who offers his students different learning ways. However, it has been evidenced that among teachers there is a high degree of disappointstudents. (Ponce, 2016)
Thus, linguistic intelligence carries with it reading, writing, listening and speaking;In addition to being present in gestural language mode that effectively uses words, which implies having knowledge that allows manipulating syntax and semantics. But also some sensitivity to linguistic connotations, language uses, phonetics, practical uses of language, although it is said that only those who dedicate themselves to professions such as: writers, speakers, poets, etc. all all theHuman beings have it so that over time some manage to develop and enrich themselves more about this. According to the above, the need to open a significant space to language in the field of education is evident, so that its functionality is transmitted through the pedagogical mediation of teachers aimed at the cultural and social development of their students. (Monroig, 2015)
Therefore, educating the future teacher in knowledge, as far as this area is concerned, means to guide it in the knowledge and reflection of two fundamental processes, which has to do with language in all its expressions and the one that has tosee with pedagogy. From the beginning the child listens to what is spoken around him, and then tries to express a language, without the need to be taught to listen or speak, he is able to use his language in the combination with the other meanings that he isRodean, this is where the teacher enters, because he must understand the language, his communication process, in order to guide him to the expression and use of language in different ways. According to (Murguía, 2014) "Cultivating language is on the one hand to develop thought itself, and on the other give man the ability to project fully through the word". Likewise, linguistic training must be oriented to get the future theoretical and formal knowledge of the language that helps you with your teaching task, but this will require training work in different factors such as: grammarand sociolinguistics. The grammatical competition will require a practical knowledge of the different elements of the pronunciation of the new language, together with the domain of the lexical, morphosyntactic and semantic elements that make up the functioning of the same. The language and literature area at the educational level contribute to the formation of a clear and organized thought, to the development of the child’s communication capacity in its environment, to its incorporation into social and cultural life fulfilling an important role in the processesteaching and learning, and put the bases that ensure a productive school education, since it is said that the teacher of the language must have conditions and such preparation that promotes at all times a teaching for communication, so that you know how to createThe optimal conditions for adequately and progressively enrich the linguistic competence of the students (Gómez, 2015)
Then we can conclude that, if you want the new knowledge about the processes of obtaining language and language, they are part of the knowledge and knowledge of the teacher, and become innovative relationships and practices of teaching and learning byof students and teachers themselves, as constant training and overcoming subjects must carry out the execution of great effort and a deep innovation of teacher training. Since, the linguistic training of teachers proposes that it should be based on the identification, reflection, critical confrontation of the knowledge and beliefs that teachers have especially those about pedagogical work, the relationship with language and relationshipthat teachers establish themselves, as language users.