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The roads in archeology
Space archeology. We must emphasize that air recognition, especially photography, is used in the location of deposits, being the most important technique for registration and interpretation and for the supervision of the changes produced in them over time. The first applications of this technique were produced at the beginning of the 20th century, with the photograph of the Roman city of Ostia taken from a globe, and in 1913, when Sir Henry took vertical views of his excavation in Sudan (Renfrew and Bahn). In Syria, since 1925 Father Antonie Poidbard began to draw the old caravanero routes that led to Roman border defenses in the desert;using aerial observation.
As its resolution increased, the use of satellite images in archaeological surveys became more common. The images obtained from the Lansat allowed the execution of several pioneer works, which demonstrated their usefulness (Chuvieco). Landsat’s images have been used to locate large structures, such as ancient irrigation systems in Mesopotamia (Renfrew and Bahn). The most outstanding archaeological application so far using NASA’s Landsat Mesoamerica in Mesoamerica in collaboration with archaeologists found in 1980.
An extensive network of Mayan agricultural fields and settlements on the Mexican Peninsula of Yucatan (Adams and Adams et al.). Satellite recognition has demonstrated its great use for the identification and study of difficult access sites (Evans et al). In Argentina this technique was used in the first moments to detect pre -Hispanic sites in the NOA with very good results (Albeck and Scattolin). Until relatively recent dates, archaeologists had a small catalog of tools to bring to light those deposits that had been hidden as a result of the passage of time and the different historical avatars.
Little by little, however, technological development has allowed researchers to add a good number of instruments and techniques to the already usual peaks and shovels of more romantic times (from ugly et al). One of the first examples took place in the 21st century more precisely in September 2005, just a few months after Google Earth was available, when an Italian citizen, Luca Mori, managed to discover an old Roman village from his personal computer from his personal computer. The satellite images offered by the program A Mori showed an oval and dark shape of about 500 meters long, surrounded by several rectangular structures.
Aware that he had detected something unique, the Italian contacted the National Archaeological Museum of Parma and informed them of his finding (BBC News). When the archaeologists of this center went to the place indicated by Mori discovered that, indeed, those were the remains of an old Roman village. After that finding, that the media spread like an anecdote, it soon produced similar discoveries, of less or greater entity. It was then that some archaeologists realized that the application developed by Google could become a powerful tool in their hands.
Not surprisingly, many archaeological sites of ancient civilizations are in underdeveloped countries, which deny access to researchers, or in places ravaged by armed conflicts, so, in many cases, the conduct of field studies is complicated, verydangerous or impossible. Thanks to Google Earth, this stumbling. The flourishing spatial archeology field allows researchers to map and model everything (Wheatley and Gillings).
From the images captured by the satellites, archaeologists can determine more precisely the site of their excavations and research. Satellite images provided by Google Earth have revolutionized the application of archeology remote sensing, multiplying its use, since they allow obtaining information in great detail on the earth’s surface at low or null costs. The examples of the use of this type of images are numerous and range from the location of old paths used by the inhabitants of Easter Island to mobilize their moáis;The observation of hieroglyphs in vicinity to Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and Peru.
The detection of buried pyramids or large villages in the thickness of the Amazon jungle;The monitoring of ancient pre -Hispanic paths, among which those used by the Incas are highlighted to connect their territories a few centuries before the Spanish conquest. As the techniques linked to remote sensing have been seen so far, throughout the history of the discipline, complement the studies commonly linked to excavation and ancient prospecting techniques on the ground, with other new sources of remote information, in many cases even revolutionizing those traditional ways of making archeology.
Among the numerous examples of the use of this technique we can mention the use of symptoms of the symbol radar, to detect an older segment of the "Great Chinese wall" (El-Baz);The use of Landsat images for the recognition of the large irrigation systems used in the Mesopotamia (Palacios Jurado and Martín Bueno) or the location, through aerial photographs and satellite images, of the roads built by the Maya in the Yucatecas plain. In this work a first approach to the possibility of using new tools such as the Google Earth and images of the Landsat 7 satellite is raised.
As well as aerial photographs, for the study of an archaeological problem that covers, in this case, a dispute territory with Great Britain. Through the Google Earth program, the search for structures linked to the old whaling factories present in the South Gerogias belonging to the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and Islands of the South Atlantic islands was carried out. In this way the remains of the factories that worked in the twentieth century on the surface of the islands could be detected. Once the structures were detected, the spaces were delimited.
Treating remains as true superstructure that can be understood as a great artifact. They were able to identify surface, distribution and functionality of several of the structures thanks to satellite photographs., From this, planes of each of the old factories were made and the comparison of each of them was compared. Being able to analyze the differences and similarities between the different superfacts, the activities that were carried out in each of these, to others of being able to observe the state of conservation of the same. 8 sectors with factual art remains were distinguished with sufficient sizes to be detected by satellite photographs.
They coincide with the location indicated by historical sources as whaling ports. Starting from this to west are: Prince Olav Harbor, Leith Harbor, Stromness, Husvik, Jason Harbor, Grytviken, Ocean Harbor and Godthul. OLD BALLENERA STATION OF NORTHUEGOS CAPITALS ACTIVE FROM 1911 TO 1931, on its coasts the Brutus ship is developed, which occurred deliberately so that it functioned as a fuel supply station for the factory. The location of the same is 54 ° 04′00 ″ Sur 37 ° 09′00 ″ west, at the bottom of a protected fjord. 39 structures could be distinguished taking into account the dike, the cemetery and docks.