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The Revolutionary Movement of the Ecuadorian Civil War
Revolutionary Movement, also known as "Ecuadorian Civil War", had as opponents who led the conservative government in the year of 1985, arises as the leader of this revolutionary movement, General Eloy Alfaro, who freed us three decades after the government of General GabrielGarcía Moreno, José María Planid.
He attended on May 5, 1895, when in the province of Manabí, specifically in Chone through the popular assembly he does not know the government of Mr. Vicente Salazar and proclaims the supreme chief to Eloy Alfaro, this proclamation was supported a month later in the city of Guayaquil.
Being this ideology, not only could it be left in Guayaquil is then when it extends throughout the country, peace commissions are sent to the city of Quito and Cuenca, with the aim of seeking political agreements that conceived all these liberal reforms presented, organizingTo Guayaquil, certain montoneras and also to those who belonged to the Forgotten Army after the battle in Chimbo, Alfaro prepares an armed struggle.
The "old fighter" as Eloy Alfaro was also known, in his government he made a Constitution that has been governed in Ecuador for many years, the various reforms in legal security laws, the secular state, civil marriage in 1902,Duito elimination, collection of taxes taxes to indigenous people, the establishment of free and free secular education, teacher training, the creation of other prestigious schools until today, the Conservatory of Music, the School of Fine ArtsAnd the construction of the railroad, were the most highlights during the two periods of Government of Don Eloy.
Their opponents conspire and assassinate the Alfaro brothers with three more men in January 1912, who were dragged into a park known in the city of Quito where after their bodies burn, event that left a black page in the history of Ecuadorians.
The liberal revolution is a historical fact for all Ecuadorians since 1895, a movement against radical governments at that time, this same was dealt with by General Eloy Alfaro, who in the 60s of the 19th century begins agreat fight against conservatives. On June 5, 1895, in the city of Guayaquil a social discontent and an economic crisis were lived with sadness and indignation that would make this beautiful dream city to explore, and it becomes since then until the end of the centuries as the liberal revolution.
It is then that the Public Assembly chooses and proclaims General Eloy Alfaro as Supreme Chief of the Republic of Ecuador, who was in the founder of the Radical Liberal Party, was desire that in our country began to give great change in favor of all Ecuadorians oneOf these was that after so many years of struggle the State separates from the Church, for the first time in our Ecuador free public education is strengthened by changing the lives of many children, youth and adults who yearned to learn and prepare for a lifeWithout ignorance and thanks that is promoted the formation of the first teachers, modernizing the Ecuador.
In the city of Guayaquil on June 5, 1895, the Supreme Headquarters were declared and delivered to the leader of general radical liberalism Eloy Alfaro, who for a couple of months toured several provinces of the Ecuadorian mountain range and letting knowThe liberal transformation.
In the city of Quito, Alfaro proposes to the Head of the Government Army who at this time was General Sarasti "lesserizing" the war, who ignored in accordance with obligations, advancing his victory Alfaro rejects his adversary, considering that this fight wasmore coastal than of the inhabitants of the Sierra.
General Alfaro had made the revolution an event of reach throughout the country, but it is unquestionable that it did not have a large dimension at regional level, since in a past time in our country we had had a good organization both in politics and inEconomy of both regions, three large cities stood out as axes in the midst of this conflict.
Guayaquil was an antiforealism center, thanks that changes its flag, although that national symbol does not hard much because of the arrival of a new regime, the liberal revolution is proof of a political and social struggle of the modern society of Ecuador.
This liberal regime, had alliances in the mountains and thanks that was built the Guayaquil-Quito railway which would unite both regions with trade and modernization of our Ecuador.
These are some of the causes for which this great revolution was given and they are the following:
- Political factors: creation of new political parties such as liberalism that defends freedom and intervention in the social and economic life of each citizen.
- Rejection of conservative governments.
- Upon realizing that Ignacio de Twenty -Sile in power wanted to become a dictator, then Eloy Alfaro begins a revolution.
- A rule of law was established, where citizens are the same in front of the law, no one has privileges
- Restoration of absolutism: by putting the kings as commanders again, democracy falls apart.
- Socio-economic: monarchical regimes were conservative, the economy did not advance, it is then that the bourgeoisie poses with the people to end this type of dictatorship.
- Nationalisms: For philosophical movements as opposed to royalty.
Every act has its consequences and of the liberal revolution are:
- Eloy Alfaro is proclaimed as president only for the following two weeks.
- I managed to stop Ignacio twenty -GALL of the dictatorship that he wanted to impose.
- On January 28, 1912, the leader of this movement is killed in the city of Quito.
- Change in territorial properties and agricultural productions.
- Taxes taxes are recorded.
- Multiply small and medium owners
Changes in Ecuador from the Liberal Revolution
Thanks to this deep research about a historical fact of my country I could clarify some doubts that I had about the subject I chose when reading and filling my knowledge, thank you that I allow me to answer the question. Thousands of Ecuadorian patriots benefited from this liberal revolution because the change was wide in some areas within our country, for example, in the Eloy Alfaro government, reforms and various laws that give legal certainty to Ecuadorian citizens were added, we also obtainedA secular state separating the state of the Church, opened education with the creation of norms for the training of new teachers who held another mentality and various attitudes, created great schools that are currently still recognized as: Colegio Mejía de laProvince of Quito, Olmedo College of the Portoviejo Canton, Eloy Alfaro College in Bahía de Caraquez, support and name for the first time a woman for a respectable position, the construction of the railroad that currently promotes tourism and unites our country, fromSo everything was a better story for our homeland.
Political and economic centralism
Centralism is a state where the government has power over the decisions of the country or administering a territory, the political power of 1895 focused on the city of Guayaquil, then Quito refused to create a bicentralism during the twentieth century,getting to conclude that Quito would be and stayed with political capital and Guayaquil our economic capital at that time.
Thanks to the liberal revolution today Manabí is known not only for being a province, but also a region of impeccable roots both to their culture and other characteristics, Manabí achieved marks traces that until today are still remembered, the revolution of the revolution of the95 resulted in the creation of new political parties, it should also be emphasized that maintained an impact on its great opposition cities.
Prominence of Eloy Alfaro
José Eloy Alfaro Delgado, was born on June 25, 1842 in the city of Montecristi-Manabí, his parents Manuel Alfaro and Gonzales who was Spanish and his mother Maria from Natividad Delgado López, was a military, politician and former president of the RepublicFrom Ecuador from 1895 to 1901, from a young age he was part of EcuadorJune 1895, I built the Guayaquil-Quito Railway, separates the Church from the State, in its second government it executes great infrastructure and impulse works, public education dies later on January 28 of the year of 1912 in Quito.
This historical event also had social actors from several political groups where the participation of:
The coastal chiefs: set of resource owners and great social leaders Montubio, their pawns were prepared for the fight, we can highlight:
- Manuel Antonio Franco
- General Pedro Jacinto Montero Maridueña
The revolutionary emigrators: group of professional revolutionaries that fought in Latin American countries, they were:
- José Eloy Alfaro
- Medardo Alfaro
- Leónidas Plaza Gutiérrez
- Flavio Alfaro
- Plutarco Bowen
Liberal bourgeoisie: originates in the city of Guayaquil, was formed by different socio -economic classes, such as:
- Landowners, led by the Aspiazu, Seminar, Morla, Duran Ballen known as "The Great Cocoa"
We can conclude in this investigative work that the liberal revolution was a political and social movement as of June 5, 1895 of the 19th century, had a set of events that marked the Ecuadorian nation, these caused a civil war insideof our homeland because of inconveniences between conservatives and liberals who were directed by General Eloy Alfaro outstanding leader of radial liberalism and who later overthrew the conservative president, changing history and bringing a better future for our Ecuadorian brothers. We can currently see that it was fair and necessary that the liberal revolution occur, although it has not ended well with its leader, we are now citizens with the freedom of all the rights that can be given to us to all established reforms, we see that children ofLow resources go to schools and enjoy their preparation in all their stages to get great Ecuadorians, our story that marked a before and after that civil war.
- Alejandro, m. (August 1995). Liberal Revolution and Neoiberalism. Flasco Andes.
- Ecuador, m. (June 5, 2017). On June 5, 1895, the Liberal Revolution was consolidated in Ecuador.
- Juanpch. (2013). Ecuador forums. Obtained from http: // www.Forosecuador.EC/FORUM/ECUADOR/EDUCATION-Y-CIENCE/44688-LA-REVOLUTION-LIBERAL-DEL-ECUADOR-SUMMARY
- Ramírez Paredes, W. (nineteen ninety five). UASB-Digital. Obtained from http: // repository.UASB.Edu.EC/HANDLE/10644/1221