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The rebellion that marked Ecuador
The rebellion of the outlaw was an event that marked Ecuadorian citizens during the administration of Lucio Gutiérrez, this action was mainly led by the middle class, whose objective was that the people be heard and at the same time demanding a radical change, in front of the Actions that this character was taking that as the town catalog at that time “ a traitor ” ‘. The outlaws as I name Gutiérrez in the form of an insult, were a group of protesters who struggled for a change after the bad decisions that were taking the country to an inevitable crisis, here is the influence of a means of communication, which calls Ecuadorians To raise your voice as a means of struggle.
The rebellion of the outlaw was an event that marked Ecuadorian citizens during the administration of Lucio Gutiérrez, this action was mainly led by the middle class, whose objective was that the people be heard and at the same time demanding a radical change, in front of the Actions that this character was taking, which as the town cataloged at that time, "a traitor". The outlaws as Gutierrez appointed them in the form of an insult, were a group of protesters who struggled for a change in the government after the bad decisions that the president was making and which in turn were taking the country to an inevitable crisis.
It could be evidence. Although the outlaws began only by a small group, every day more and more people were added in order to overthrow the president, since they felt betrayed because they witnessed that the proposals he had said in his electoral campaign They were fulfilling and rather began to do the opposite of what has already proposed to the population. The outlaws gathered in the different streets that Quito has where they attended from children, housewives, senior citizens, students, professionals, etc.
Due to the great agglomeration they flooded the city of noise in order to make their voice and also to call other people to join a good cause, since they were fighting for the common good. The method of protests that the outlaws used was peacefully since they went out to protest in the streets with everyday objects such as: pans, tables, toilet paper, music, etc. In the same way, said group went to the place where the president resided in order for him and his family to listen.
That brave group that was encouraged to protest against the corruption of the government did not concentrate only in a place as they wanted to make us believe the media, on the contrary, they were present in different places such as: the Villa Flora, the avenues America and Amazonas, Cumbayá, Conocoto, and nuns. It should be noted that a large number of people fighting against authoritarianism were present in the different places of concentration. In turn, it is necessary to mention that women had a lot.
Jaramillo argues that on those cold Quito nights, women were in the front row, dragging their husbands and their children, their classmates and their friends, their parents and their neighbors to tell the government and the country of their rebellion by their rebellion What was happening, by the immorality with which politicians interpret their actions, for the arrogance of the chiefs or leaders, against the illegalities committed by all throughout this electoral period. This makes us known that women have known how to be clear about the objective of the demonstrations because they had a lot of courage when fighting corruption for which the country was going through.
In addition, it was very important that both men and women and even children, fight to get the country to restore economically and socially. On the other hand, the university students of Quito especially the students of the Catholic, also take their leading role since during the demonstrations they appeared dresses with black clothes because according to them they were mourning because the Constitution had died. And together with other students, teachers, etc. They went out to protest in the streets where they did not interfere in the daily life of other people and it is also important to emphasize that they did it in a peaceful way since they did not break glass.
They did not launch tear pumps, they did not throw stones, as today they usually be the manifestations; On the contrary, his way of hearing his voice was through his screams, his dances, his songs and his jumps, without resorting to violence. As there were people who attended this great demonstration, there were also people who were not present because they did not want to be part of the outlaws or because they do not usually go to protest and prefer to do other things rather than fight for a better country. This is the case of indigenous people, since their absence was very evident and strange because they had a great ability to notice.
At the time of going to the demonstrations in search of a better future, so they became a political force of enormous persecution. The main idea that Jaramillo states is that "in the falls of Bucaram and Mahuad they played a lead Indigenous people were not interested in being part of this movement that became very important for Ecuador. It seems that the indigenous people did not appear at the demonstration because, the first six months were supporting the government of Lucio Gutiérrez.
Also because the president tried to divide them with the flattery of power or with some emerging works. Therefore, it was believed that this is why the natives arrived very weakened this April 20. Public forces especially the FFAA has always sought to be a direct part of Ecuadorian politics, in the different governments of the country, they have part of events that stand out in Ecuadorian politics, being participants in dismissals of certain corrupt presidents. The Armed Forces made great importance in the administrative period of Gutierrez, since his government was considered a military dictatorship.
In which he sought the unification of public forces with the civil, in order to eradicate the stereotypes that managed the different groups between them. Taking into account that during the elections, Lucio was victorious thanks to the support of the indigenous movement and the patriotic society, that is, the large part of the population that belongs to the indigenous people, plus the support of the militia. But what left the citizens very dismayed was that once Gutierrez came to power, he positioned the majority of military in administrative positions, to guarantee support towards his government, making his administration, a military government.
Therefore, the FFAA (Joint Command of the Armed Forces of Ecuador) took greater power in this period, since as long as the president’s orders follow they would take a position of much of the State, as well as multiple social and economic benefits. After the multiple manifestations that were carried out in the Gutierrez government, it used repression by the Armed Forces, against protesters and in the same way of any against any person or entity that has been in accordance with the actions that he believed correct.Gutierrez’s fall was held from April 13 to 20 of the same month.
Where many of the rights of citizenship by the militarized regime were violated, led by Lucio. The armed forces are always part of the importance of politics related to events, since it is their decision to repress the people and defend corruption and bourgeoisie or fight with the people for a change. On the morning of Wednesday, April 20, antigutierristas sought to defend Quito from those brought on buses to support the government. Several opponents went to the Ministry of Social Welfare, where in a fight with stones and sticks they were gradually gaining ground to government defenders.
To avoid bloodshed, they withdrew their support to the President, who had been ceased in his functions for a new majority of the Congress, which argued that he had abandoned power when he was actually entrenched with a strong police and military protection in the Government Palace in Quito. (Tower). Public forces after paying loyalty to a political character must continue different regulations, which must be complied with, or if they will not be sanctioned, withdrawing certain benefits or their cost in the army. It is for this reason that they are forced to perform acts that go against their morals, ethics and values at the time that these types of events happen.
The repression that manifest groups usually suffer, by public entities such as the Armed Forces and the National Police, sometimes usually become very extremist, depending on the circumstance that merits it, a clear example was what they lived The ” outlaws ” in the government of Gutierrez, since being manifesting peacefully, they received repression, since for the president, that people rebel against him, it was an act of vandalism and alteration to public tranquility. After seeing the injustices that the Government was doing, in front of the protesters, the Armed Forces decided to retire their support, to defend the rights of their people.
In order to prevent more lives from being lost, of innocent people, who fight for their rights. With the withdrawal of the support of the Armed Forces towards the Government, and while their dismissal of the position were the last political acts that the Gutierrez Government (Pachano) lived, the decision of the Congress also constituted the last act of a long, novel and surprising citizen protest staging fundamentally in the city of Quito. Although, in strict terms, it would be more appropriate.
Lucio Gutiérrez becomes the third president overthrown by popular rebellion, for consecutive years the overthrow of presidents such as Jamil Mahuad, Abdala Bucaram and Gutiérrez, who marked the corrupt and authoritarian policy was lived. The act that the Armed Forces made before the betrayal of Lucio Gutiérrez makes us know that they are not always on the side of corruption, rather they seek to be equitable to the welfare of the people so that they defend the rights of the people who need it And not just the leaders who do all they do is steal the people through deception.
The Army of Ecuador has carried out one of the most revolutionary acts since they decided defend the country of corrupt people, as did with Mahuad, but turned out to be one of them and even worse. The government of Lucio Gutiérrez was one of the mandates in which it was demonstrated that the rights of citizens are not violated, there were multiple events in which the population demonstrated great resistance to environmental changes, such as the repression that took carried out by the government.
What he exposes of the tower is that ‘’ who protest are not content to concentrate on public spaces such as a place, a road or an avenue. These also sought to appropriate and take the spaces and symbols of state power ’’, in order to be heard, before the country’s important state media. It is also necessary to recognize that when people make the decision to give power through vote to an individual to represent them, the people can also cause this to leave power due to their poor administration exercised during their mandate. As was in the case of April 20, 2005.
It was where a group of people called "the outlaws" could once again verify that the united people will never be defeated. The "outlaws" have made important demonstrations in such a way that it has deeply marked the country in order to eradicate corruption, winning the support of the people. The Gutierrez Government, although it did not last so long in power, was one of the governments in which great repression by public forces towards protesters occurred. Same that left for several days to the streets to fight to fulfill their rights and against the bad decisions made by the former colonel of the armed forces.
Although the presence of the indigenous movement was needed, it was not an impediment for the rest of the Ecuadorian population get to power through lies, in such a way that it affected society negatively. Looking for mobilizations as expressions of citizen yearnings to build democracy, as if there would not have been very different motivations, it is risky. On the other hand, if we look retrospective what happened from the fall of Abdalá Bucaram to the April 2005 crisis.
A capacity of these insurrections could hardly be admitted to reconstitute institutionality and democratize society. The risk of this vision is to fall into the interpretive trap of betrayal: citizen movements are mocked, kidnapped, by a political elite whose perversity has no limits. The vision that opposes good against bad, to simplify it, falls apart if the good are not as much as they are painted; If the outlaws, predominantly sectors of the middle class, were mobilized in April to defend their interests and privileges in front of a government that displaced them.
In spite so that in different places in the city there were a hundred people who fight so that the future of the country is better and does not go bankrupt after having had a very bad quality administration, which was causing a lot of damage to the country.