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THE QUALITY OF PUBLIC EDUCATION
What is education?
A definition could be the following. Education is a communicative, contextualized, socializing, intentional and timeless process through which values, knowledge, beliefs, etc. It seeks comprehensive learning, developed throughout life in order to develop the individual’s potential and provide a critical vision of the environment. Throughout time there have been many definitions that it is education. Fill, to Parcerisa, A (2008), defines the following education: “… is to provide the basic elements to people so that they can be actors of their own life, so that they are able to build their own and critical conception of The reality within a framework of social coexistence, […] ". The purpose of giving the level of independence to students so that they can make their own decisions and be able to build their world from fundamentals, in addition to being able to assume the challenges presented by the work world of A successful form, mobilizing your knowledge. These concepts are compared to the current education system, make us question whether we are really educating for life, if we are looking to enhance the student’s skills or only knowledge is taught to those who are not even told students Its usefulness, slowing its potential development with monotonous activities and rigid teaching methods. This is where we question ourselves, is there really a high level of quality in the education of the 21st century or is only a brushstroke of what a quality education aims to be?
In the 21st century, education remains a fundamental part of the development of the human being, since it will continue to transform lives and generate changes in all areas, we must understand that technology will not replace educational work as such, alone, it will do it, more effective in the needs of citizens of the 21st century. In Mexico, education is considered one of the pillars for the development of citizens, year after year strong amounts of money are invested to have a level of the great powers in this area. It has turned to see the needs that education has in the country to combat it and that the lag, dropout and quality are positively affected. Unfortunately, reality is another, our education does not meet the standards that organizations such as UNESCO or OECD have established and that is that, despite the great effort, it has not been possible to understand that it is not enough to have material in the classrooms, which is not Enough to put a computer in each classroom to speak of educational quality, it is necessary to develop the necessary skills to get the most out of that computer and, when achieving this, we are talking about quality in education.
An education moved exclusively by technical aspirations or demands of the labor market, ceases to be an exciting human adventure to become an insufferable struggle to open a hole in a competitive society. The education of this century, requires significant learning, that knowledge moves and applied by the student, but must also be critical, since they must be taught in a lasting, progressive way and knowing their meaning, perceiving them as useful and necessary. It is important that students stimulate their creativity, participation and values that are very necessary to live in a democratic society. Understanding that combining all the aforementioned factors allows a more complete teaching and focused on the formation of citizens capable of facing the challenges of the 21st century, you cannot speak of educational quality if each of these is dismantled and taught separately.
Public education and quality
Since the creation of the SEP in the thirties, it has been sought that Mexico appears as a power in education, however, it has cost a lot of work to find the basis of an educational model that allows this objective to meet. Previously it was believed that talking about educational quality referred to increasing the number of schools in the nation, increasing enrollment and raising the number of children and young people who knew how to read and write. The demands of those years were not as high, there was not a world as globalized as the current The few updates to the teaching guild.
In basic education we have practically total coverage, however, the indices of failure, reprobation, repetition, school abandonment and about age are indicators that denote problems related to exclusion within educational systems. In this scenario, equity demands that all students have opportunities for success in the studies and reach the minimum standards of performance established for each educational level. If children and young people are marginalized from educational systems, they have no opportunities to develop as citizens, but if they study and do not receive quality education, an educational fraud is committed with them. Therefore coverage and quality are complementary. Another error that has always reduced the advance towards educational quality, has been politics. The Mexican education system must be seen as a need of the population and not as a political business to raise their neck, to neglect pride, pride and political individualism, will allow educational development to reach the longed for educational quality that since the beginning of the century They have been looking for, it is important that political parties (and politicians) understand that six years are not enough to develop a strong education in the country. A challenge that affects education and it is essential because it is to modify things to those who were getting used to and have to adapt to the new.
Something that have had in common the different educational reforms that have passed through our country, has been to achieve an inclusive education, an education of tolerance, respect, school environment suitable for the integral development of students, eliminate discrimination and raise the Quality of education. Educational reforms have been modifying their vision of educating and if at first it was not given so much weight to the aforementioned factors, it was understood that not only can you talk about theoretical content, but those factors must be analyzed and understood As difficulties that the school must overcome, because the mission is that children and adolescents develop all their talents so that they can carry out their personal project in a more effective way. Although educational reforms have sought that the quality of education in Mexico is along with the demands in the 21st century, an educational system has not been made that actually faces these demands, but what is what it is that does not allow educational quality? The educational curriculum of the Mexican school has been a real headache, because you want to cover a lot in a short time? Textbooks are saturated with irrelevant content for the student, and it causes pressure in the teacher because it is required that it covers more than 85 percent of the contents forcing the teacher to emphasize the subjects and not to the way of teaching. Not fulfilling the desired percentage of topics seen, it causes a call for the teacher. In addition to the problem already mentioned, the educational levels in our country are not articulated, there is no student follow -up from the preschool to secondary school or secondary education (preparatory), the error that has been made is not to create a student follow -up folder where Mention your skills, weaknesses, areas of opportunity or their skills, which caused that at each level you are studying, it has to be evaluated to determine the aforementioned and this causes the levels to blame each other instead of looking for solutions
Another problem that is equally serious is the lousy state in which the facilities of most campuses that are not located in an urban spot are located. A point that educational reforms link with the quality of education is the equipment of the country’s classrooms and educational establishments. While it is true that manipulating objects and experiencing are fundamental features of meaningful learning, in Mexico there are no schools or the technology that we would assume should be handled normally and everyday, but that is not taken into account in educational reforms, It is much demanded and little is achieved why? Well the answer is because the models of schools that are chosen are those located in the big cities and that have access to all kinds of services, therefore they can serve as models schools where everything that is presented in the reform is possible, but What about those schools that are in difficult access areas? The world in the last 19 years, has evolved in a faster way, where globalization has reached very high levels, where technology has become indispensable in the lives of human beings, where academic, labor and social demands have been It became higher and more refined, where the world needs professionals capable of satisfying the needs, however there are places where time seems to be slower, where technology is not an indispensable weapon, where buildings are simple and very humble materials, those those. places are those away from the urban spot, away from every change from the 21st century.
Equity has not been the strong point in educational reforms because the students of communities far from the urban stain are offered a minimum education, why minimal? Because they are offered a very bad service, in many schools in these areas, there is the essential material to work which consists of one or two classrooms, seats, books and blackboard, it is worth mentioning that these schools do not have access to the Internet and even some of them or with electricity so the consultation material offered by the SEP is inoperative due to the lack of the aforementioned services. This reflects that, although education receives a strong economic investment, it has not necessarily been a priority for the Government, it has neglected characteristics such as equity, equality, quality, etc. The most needy is left unprotected, they are not prepared for a society of the 21st century, they are not given the necessary tools and not because the teachers who have to serve these students do not want, but do not have the necessary tools that The government should put in its schools.
A characteristic that has been transmitted from government to government, is that it is not self-criticism, and when it does, it does so superficially and in a certain way justifying its actions and results. Educational policies also fail and it is always good to identify, analyze and treat the failure, but in Mexico that does not happen because the problems that are always identified are the least serious, a deep analysis is not made and there is no real solution, ¿¿ Why? Because at the time of detecting the failures that the model shows, one could be considered as a failed model by the government’s opposition in turn, it is there the reason why educational policies do not have good performance and those errors or those errors or problems that were not attacked at the time are still repeated in the future. The Government must understand that the main thing is not that its reforms work and thus be able to raise “the neck”, but that the needs of the country are met with good professionals, that culture, science and technology develop with good scientists, researchers and artists , that the essential, emphasizes the people, the people, the young people and their deficiencies.