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The problem of university campuses in Lima
For a long time, in the capital, a series of problems that afflict its population has occurred. These are day to day, 7 days a week, and that, despite the countless solutions presented, they were never resolved. These are: the vehicular crisis, the high population density and a high unemployment rate. The poor vehicle system, and the movement of large masses of people towards the capital due to the centralization of progress;These are some of the reasons that caused these problems. However, there is, perhaps, a general solution for these problems: the transfer of university campuses and technical institutes to the exteriors of the capital.
The central idea of this measure is clear and explicit: transfer the infrastructure of universities and technical institutes to the exteriors of the capital. The simple fact of performing all this great feat will require a large amount of labor, generating new jobs from its origin. This will help reduce the unemployment rate which, according to INEI data (National Institute of Statistics and Informatics), increased to 8.1% in the first quarter of 2018. The plan not only consists of the construction of buildings dedicated to the study, because, being removed from society, the construction of buildings dedicated only to rooms will be necessary. We must also take into account the existence of recreational areas such as green areas, restaurants, and so on;that will generate more employment options, which can be distributed among adults and students. Sure example of the realization of this idea are university campuses in first world countries such as the United States, where it is already a custom that the great independence of a student is to go to university;or England, where there is even a city built around the university environment, being nothing more and nothing less than the recognized University of Oxford.
According to the INEI in the city of Lima, approximately 9 million 111 thousand people reside;that is, 30% of the population. From this portion of Peruvians, 780 thousand people belong to a house of studies either a university or an institute. Moving 10% of the Lima population will help reduce this high population density originated by the centralization of development in the Peruvian capital. The main districts that will be affected by this measure will be the most busy, including Surco, Miraflores and La Molina.
On the other hand, we have vehicular chaos, something very toured by the media. It is one of the most complex constant crises that the central government has faced and that has not yet found any solution. The deficit of our vehicle system is so much that Lima is cataloged as the third city with more traffic in the world. According to the National Environmental Information System, there are 175 vehicles per thousand inhabitants. This data leads us to the origin of this problem: the poor public transport in our city. Surveys like Lima How are we going, show an alarming result. The 15.5% of Peruvians use a personal vehicle to move, and 75.6% use collective transport as buses, combis and subway. The most outrageous thing is that 49% consider that the latter is the main problem. In addition, 55% of Lima pass between 30 minutes to 2 hours within them. These data are not oblivious to the student population. From his own experience, studying in the city of Lima, especially in a very busy district such as Miraflores, requires a very high level of organization of times, because only in public transport lost 3 hours a day. The implementation of this measure would help the decrease in vehicles in the streets, which would help a better traffic organization.
In conclusion, given these two major problems that afflict the Lima society day after day, this solution must be considered as a viable and first -world option that, although it entails a great investment, in addition to a long time study, throughoutterm, officially official.