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The presence of music in the development of children’s language
The first words themselves are pronounced for the first time between 10 and 12 months of age. However, it can spread more time without the need to become a pathological. I develop as an education assistant at the initial level of the Villa María Private Educational Institution of the District of Villa María del Triunfo, my work consists in accompanying 4 -year -old children for 6 hours a day. 7 months have passed and there is no day that I do not observe them because it helps me to understand many aspects demanded by the psychology career. That is why the opportunity to do this present work drives me to analyze more thoroughly a unique case that caught my attention. There are 15 children and each one is different when communicating. Jokébet is a girl who has been instilled in the principles of Jehovah’s Witnesses, does not participate in birthdays, parties and competitions, her parents are divorced and her uncle is the one who is responsible for school affairs. She has a peculiar way to ask for things, usually makes sounds, grimaces and points out the object. When asked to verbalize, he does not;However, when the radio turns on and begins to sound children’s or religious songs she pronounces the lyrics perfectly. From my perspective, music influences great magnitude in the development of children’s language. Then I will support this statement with 3 arguments.
It is important to remember that language is the faculty of the human being to interact with the world around it. This language is acquired in the first months of life. According to Vygotsky, the first words expressed by the infant are decisive and over time they refine and diversify. In addition, in that same period the inner language arises. Piaget calls this language as egocentric language because it observes that the communication made by the child is for himself. This is frequent in the sensory-motor stage that occurs from 0 to 2 years old. For Piaget it is substantial for the child to satisfactorily culminate each stage in order to achieve a better psychic-affective development. However, all children do not develop in the same way, or with the same time, or with the same stimuli. Musicality is considered a stimulus for the apprehension of language because it provides a harmonious environment and a pleasant affective state that guarantees the learning of new words. Sterling Honig refers to music as the training method that the child has for language taking. On the other hand, the musician and composer Fred Lerdahl, mentions the term "musiclanguaje" to refer to the shared origin that present the language and music since the coexistence between them originates even before birth and are related as development occurslinguistic in the human being.
Babies are musical because they respond to rhythmic stimuli of their surroundings such as sounds, pauses or melodies, they are able to recognize the voice of their parents without the need to see them. This bond comes from the maternal belly, the baby has learned to relate to its surroundings through sounds, in approximately 9 months. Dahlia Zaidel in his book The Neuropsychology of ar confirms the position of the existence of the link between both categories because he understands that the human being expresses and communicates his ideas and thoughts through music. She considers that language and music share the same cognitive base because both are combinatorial;that is, you can create infinite combinations from some elements.