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The philosophical vision of architecture in the 21st century
This essay seeks to highlight the philosophical position with respect to the subject the philosophical vision of architecture in the 21st century, prepared by architecture students, authors of this essay, to put in the hands of the reader a contribution aimed at strengthening their trainingProfessional academic, as well as to serve as the basis for future research. The work has been developed following the indications of the university curricula of the 5th cycle of the Academic Program for General Compulsory Training `Philosophy.`
The philosophical vision in the international context of Dutch of the twentieth century, XXI is based on principles of respect for nature, this means that it brings man to biodiversity, and is moving it away from a false materialism that has only given fruits of large structuresthat they were ending the environment, understanding the physical as architectural material. According to the archtietonical philosophical vision of Juvenal Cabrera, an archtiecture cannot beAlways, taking into account symbiosis (architecture-nature) . Juvenal Cabrera shares the philosophical vision of Rem Koolhas.
According to the student Aguilar, the philosopher’s vision of the national context is to maintain the elegance and aesthetics in a prismatic way, maintaining the juxtaposition of the solid facades and without any hierarchy, obtained a volumetrically robust vision of the contemporary architecture of Peru of Peru. The main figures of Peruvian contemporary architecture are polished, through landscape forms of areas within a minimalist environment in flexible spaces, on the contrary, an ambiguity ecases are presented since it is marked by characteristics of solid facades. Architecture as a philosophical essence in Peru, has always been the victim of the lack of ‘creativity’, and other details that make it typical of a country like ours, your absence means the delay of the philosophical historical evolution of architecturePeruvian in the 21st century our analysis, seeks to respond to these empty of Peruvian identity in the space of architectural philosophy in Peru today, and sit the vases for an evolutionary thought and without times.
According to the students Franchesco Lopez and Luis Gustavo, in the regional context, in the region of San MartinSince it only shows a form of regional architecture, buildings have an architectural relationship with local geography not by way of way if not by cultural and historical social link, through generations. In the region, the absence of structures that excel its facades is noted, because it is put to the form that man gives to the environment for the benefit of this, but always seeking to coordinate the natural synergy that must flow as part of the coexistence of respectHambiental that man must provide to his environment, and this reduces architectural identity.
At the local level, the philosophy of architecture in the 21st century, according to the students Juvenal Cabrera and Franchesco Lopez, the philosophical vision of the architecture corresponds to a transcendental moment in the history of Peru, and especially in the premises, as well as thefamily represents the social development axis throughout history, architecture strengthens and unifies this concept.
The present essay aims to analyze the philosophical vision of architecture in the 21st century.
This report will be structured in two aspects: the first aspect, is referred to the analysis of the philosophical vision in today. As well as the reports of the College of Architects of Peru 2019 at the second moment the appearance of architecture in the 21st century will be analyzed, so we will take the theoretical vases of Albaro Siza 2004, Richard Meier 2002.
The present investigation will focus on studying the philosophical vision of architecture in Sigo XXI, since this essay was developed to show certain problems of architecture in different locations, since it is important because the architectural aspects of the 21st century are shown, so, this work would allow to show the changes that the species has developed to adapt to the new architectural circumstances, and deepen the theoretical knowledge about the processes of adapting new buildings, forms, aesthetics, etc.
Architecture in the twentieth century is an embellished science of various disciplines and knowledge. It is practical and theoretical. Practice is a continuous and expedited use of use, executed with the hands, on the subject corresponding to what you want to form. The theory on which it is based on explaining and demonstrating with the subtlety and laws of the proportion, the works executed (of the Lib. I, Cap i.) These buildings must be built with firmness, comfort and beauty, currently the most valued or spoken topic is the sustainable architecture that tries to encourage or improve in the lives of each of the people.
Building environmentally respectful, generating the minimum impact and leaving the slightest possible trace of the carbon, is an imperative for the architecture of our century, without sustainability there is no paradise. Before the institutional blindness of many countries that prefer to look the other way in climate change, the world of architecture goes out to the rescue of a planet that cries out that we drastically reduce our impact. There are architects who, creating parallel realities, have shown that embrapping the sustainability in a radically healthy way is possible. This is the case of Norma Foster and his dream Eco Amaravati. Neither more nor less than the first 100% sustainable city in the world. We are in a century of quite change starting with the architecture that covers a little to the whole. The so -called green architecture is a revolutionary movement that has been putting its grain of sand for decades and has finally gained the relevance that it deserved.
But it is not enough to say that we are sustainable, we must prove it. And for that different types of international certifications have emerged that ensure compliance with rules in which dozens of parameters have been reviewed to create the strictest standards.
Today, in Peru this issue is spoken of due to the problem of the environment, it should be emphasized that sustainability, as an architectural philosophical form is used by different architects worldwide, so that several countries have already adopted that solution for care forof the environment, Peruvians are staying at the end of the tunnel, because we still do not start this architectural philosophy as a way of life. It is absurd to emphasize the architectural aspect without talking about the "humanism" of this spontaneous architecture, which promotes daily life forms well above the levels of satisfaction of the world average.
The traditions and customs that, since the time of the conquest inherited our ancestors, have been simply as the basis of the architectural urban development of the present. It is important to know that, the simpler the structure is, it has a meaning, a custom and a tradition that makes it unique and interesting . And it is also important to know what type of cultural identity has the aforementioned area, this city still has a lot to offer in many ways.
We talk about knowledge, "I think then I exist". We refer to a healthy environment such as that of a sustainable city in the 21st century, which despite the problems that exist always gives a reason, that reason is the change of habit that we all should and we can have to better and be able to replace whatNegative for the positive, and thus better the environment, in recent years, concern about the development of a friendly architecture to the environment with the issue of climate change, the energy crisis, the environmental crisis in general, whatwhich has made a current arise that is aimed on recognition that the development of architectural proposals must contemplate sustainable considerations. The need to make an architecture that integrates to nature is already an obligation to mitigate the great problems of the 21st century, the global climatic and energy crisis.
We stop sides many materials under construction already usual to use sustainable materials (many years and rarely maintenance) that can be reused, recycled or recovered, we have gone through fundamental technological changes in the development of obtaining materials from various uses,since long ago. The rural populations were achieved in the vicinity of their urban settlements, with a low impact on the local territory, then, with more powerful and efficient means of extraction and elaboration, and more accessible means of transport, the production of materials became an activity in an activityhigh impact.
Naturalism as a philosophy, exposes an accurate, absolute and reliable interpretation of reality but, highlighting as a whole that nature is the principle of everything that is real and existing. It is there that sustainability ceases to be something unreal to become something that today can help us improve the environment and functionality of cities, it means that it will provide contributions with accurate results for the architecture of the 21st century, which improves andwill evade to infinity.
Talking about the city of Tarapoto in this archtiecture of the 21st century is to refer to the stadistics, and the historical facts, which put us at very low levels of sustainable urban development, to the Marjen of the normal development of other cities of Peru and the world of the world. There are several architects with different ways to analyze these facts, it is also true that no one has focused on rescuing our customs as a city, since we are sown in a very friendly geography in different aspects, but we as students and future arqutiectos see it in a wayDiversa, progressive positivism is part of our DNA, we try to rescue the past and implement new things, to offer the next generations for forms of ssostable urban architecture, and cut the urban development gap to fraternize with the evolutionary process of the big citiesfrom Peru and the world.
Analyzing today’s architecture, it is easy to show its much more aesthetic forms, but we will immediately notice the lack in its architectural composition that is not very well developed, due to lack of creativity, because in universities students teach students to conceptualize free ways, teachTo fly with the imagination, and this teaching does not commune with reality, because universities do not contact the city, and this void creates the distancing of the assessment of the villager to accept the incorporation of new forms of sustainable urban architecture in the centuryXXI. The national and regional identity of various countries and regions, create true conflicts and are the cause of the urban delay when it does not interact with civil society, since it is not allowed to project something that does not have a form in its history, and this stops the Creativity of the new generations, the 21st century is the Modern Age, and has to sustain a more complex, more striking architecture, not a solid and volumetory architecture with little aesthetic movement, if not sustaining a relationship of computer principles that factor the society With the respective volumes, and demonstrate that architecture can be obtained, without destroying or minimizing the identity of its history or its lozization, in Peru, the lack of national identity in its architecture, sets the basis for the development of a sustainable urbanisms In the 21st century, capable of changing life in cities, its rugged topography offers a permanent challenge and offers us the possibility and satisfaction to create a unique architecture in the world.Architecture also seeks to fix the social relationship problem so that the 21st century has a better architectural aspect, and is more sustainable to man architecture symbiosis.
Currently, man’s philosophical vision in his diverse architectural styles changed;The technology applied to architecture improves the quality of life of people, and in the architectural aspect it offers substantial improvements in people’s quality of life. The use of ornamentation is denoted in the different styles, which in some requires more and in others less.This is the case of Richard Meier, in which the buildings have a very loaded ornamentation, the ornament refers to the functional nature or style, the elements that do not have an important function in the building disappear.
It is concluded that architecture in the 21st century is the result of the analysis of different regions and users that adopt sustainable solutions. One of the objectives of architecture is the construction of a comfortable home for the user, and we will propose to design homes with materials from the region and apply historical and local architecture for a better result.W
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