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The importance of ICT in social movements
Have you ever wondered what is the importance of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the social movements of the 21st century?, Well today, through this essay we will pull this importance and some other aspects that include information and communication technologies, to begin we will have to take into account some key concepts for being able to start developing this topic.
As the first concept that needs to be known, what are information and communication technologies, since ICTs are instruments that facilitate and help develop people’s activities, these activities can be those that carry out less frequently and even the newspaper, in a nutshell are the software and hardware that have advanced over time. And what are social movements?, because social movements better known as marches, manifestations, oppositions, etc. They are those who seek to meet an objective or who simply want their proposals, ideas or opinions to be heard before society, some movements impart a resistance to the authorities or the people who are in command.
But you will say that these two concepts have in common because in information technologies a concept is handled that is used by most of the population, you will be wondering what it is, since it is social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp, etc.) These are those that allow you to create and disseminate information in a faster or agile way.
Social networks have managed to be considered as media, since you are with the increase in information and communication technologies, a need to maintain communication between people in a faster way is what newspapers, letters, t were.V., among others, social networks continue to grow as the passage of time. I suppose you already imagined or distinguished a little idea of the relationship between these little concepts, you also have to know what benefits or consequences can have people who lead the movement, you should have that the authorities have to thinkThe actions can choose or determine to end the movement. At present, most countries protests for one or more reasons, usually the reasons why they discuss are: corruption, abuse of authority, for peace, for the acceptance of people with different sexual orientation, etc. Many times they are usually peaceful.
Most social movements are usually organized by groups of people who are looking to obtain one or more concrete objectives, in order to achieve their purpose, make an obstruction through a planning of how the movement will be carried out, they have the purpose or objectivethat the group of people be heard and thus allow to raise, maintain or defend a right.
A social movement is usually headed by cultural organizations, these can be oriented towards various purposes, with the passage of time a lot of problems have emerged by which the majority of society participated in these rebellions to be able to exercise their rights, some of these issues are:
- The environmental protection
- The law against corrupted authorities
- The decrease in homicides before women
- The acceptance of people with diverse sexual orientation
Among this variety of these acts carried out by the company, we find those that are generated by a scope of change in their community or society and in these are the reformists these are what they seek a change in the laws or rights already established, by anotherpart, we find the radicals these are those that demand the complete transformation of a society, that is to say that they want a change of society towards their way of thinking.
The same are those that are carried out by ideology or quality according to the change they require, this is divided into what is innovative or progressive and conservative, the innovators are those that have as its purpose or objective the acceptance of their ideology totally different from the one thatSociety is usual, instead conservatives are the ones who protest to remain as society is placing traditions and beliefs as justification. Among others, these oppositions carry a quiet and orderly development, but in order to carry it.Defining a mobilization strategy is very helpful, this to avoid accidents with participating activists. Once the strategy is already had and the participants will have to distribute the behaviors or activities they will carry out, the militants must be the ones that are most shown to the repression and among them they must go what they carry the leadership, in the same wayThe support groups are found, these are that they support the militants from close showing advice whether tactical, legal or intellectual and finally supporters must be the ones with the largest number of people.
The activities they carry out during their struggle will depend on those who are in command, some choose to make peaceful manifestations, that is, they prefer to demand their opinions without use of vandalism or violence, while others prefer to make use of violence or vandalism,This with the ideology that will be heard more quickly. While the authorities are placed in a paralyzwell to make a repression before the militants in command.
Unfortunately the consequences they leave are not of greater importance for researchers since these only focus on looking for the causes and process they carry, but some of the consequences that these leave are that they reach their goal and manage to change the mentality about the problemwho are fighting, while on the material side they leave great devastation in the area in which they mobilized.
Some years ago it took too long to be able to gather people who wanted to be participants.affected by increasing the use of information and communication technologies. Information and communication technologies are all those instruments and software that have allowed to help perform some activities in a very easy way such as being able to create, access and share files in a simpler way all this through devices. They have taken a great important role before society since they offer a wide variety of services such as: for example:
- Facilitate information search
- Electronic commerce
- Communication between the different communities
They are classified into three categories, one of them is that of Network, in this are those devices that are connected to each other by meansInsert or show data and finally is the classification of services, is the part of the diffusion and electronic commerce.
Information and communication technologies in the social sphere have several uses or rather advantages which allow society to have better accessibility to information, although some sources are of doubtful origin or better known as fake news, on the other hand,They have contributed to the development or discovery of new priests for common and new diseases in society.Information and Communication Technologies have been involved in different fields since it has returned to people very dependent on them since people make daily use of them and from that moment generating a great dependence on them and the falsified information providedFor influencers.
The progress of ICTs caused them to become utensils for everyday use by the majority of society, they serve to communicate with people, friends and family to whom they cannot communicate due to distance, the same to entertain or distract from stresswhich is caused by doing too many activities during the course of the day, they also serve to gather groups that share the same opinions or at least they are similar. Due to the information and communication technologies, organizations that plan or elaborate these oppositions have optimized planning making it more agile, the new media that were emerging among society are thanks, one of the most used means aresocial networks which allow people who share the same opinion meet and plan and discuss.
I consider that the impact that information and communication technologies have on society in the 21st century have had a main impact on the ideals that society can have. An example of these is the social movement that is currently being lived in the United States for the death of "George Floyd".As we mentioned initially the influence of ICTs has been so that it is the cause of this social movement, where we can clearly appreciate that the dissemination of information can be manipulated to the benefits of others, this problem was given to aOfficer abuse his authority against an American Afro man. Currently in the United States, the “Floyd” movement was given by authority. In the same way it is known that the United States is a country in which being color is a reason for discrimination or better known as racism which consists of making less one lessperson for skin color or for their origins, even if these are the most humble.
On the other hand, there are a variety of social movements among the most current are participating in the LGBT community which protest an acceptance congruently to society, as one of their objectives is that they allow them to perform weddings with people from the samesex, as the following the objectified of their protests is what the aggressions before them stop. The LGBT community are those who have different tastes or sexBisexuals is to say that people of both sexes attract them and finally there are transsexuals and are people who are not satisfied with their sex and decide to change.
Another social movement with greater impact on the majority of society is one that aims to stop violence against women, this movement is made worldwide to commemorate World Day against Gender Violence held on November twenty -five. The violence that takes against women is a problem that is in most communities in the world, each country has a different way of commemorating this act, in the case of Mexico there are various marches in whichThey mobilize by the main avenues and streets, sometimes they perform them peacefully and others in which he is performing criminal acts against the authorities, national monuments and even with the participants themselves. The most prevailing places where abuse comes is within the family field, within this where others begins to develop such as educational and social, in the educational field women receive verbal and even physical violence while in socialthey suffer from harassment, kidnapping, physical abuse and even femicide.
The majority of protests in the country are led by students who have suffered abuse, found a disagreement or require a change within the institution in which they are, students normally carry out banners demanding the objective of the reproach and inif they are not taken the attention they need to take the institutions until they meet what they demand.
It is for fact that these marches have been generated that most of the time contain a cause or benefit that is actually necessary while on other occasions they are just trying to bother the authorities. Information and communication technologies have taken a great position for this struggle for the ease in which it allows to create and disseminate information to a large group of people.
For the dissemination of the movement, social networks are currently used, which are defined as the media that are growing as time passes and technological demand increases. It is worth mentioning that as well as being able to create, communicate with another person and disseminate information serve to make sales or promote products. But social networks are not immune to society and these have their pros and cons, in the case of their advantages we find that it has instant and borders without communication, that is, we can contact a person through messages in seconds;Similarly some companies have dedicated themselves to providing customer service.
As a negative point of these that can be said that they cause less communication between people in person, as another point is the possibility of using your general information for improper use and since most people use it to be able to receive affection onthe way in which their profiles manipulate.
In conclusion, social movements are those in which an organization or group of people perform in order to maintain or change an objective depending on the ideology of those who participate, with this they make use of information and communication technologies (ICT) which whichThey are instruments or tools that facilitate most of the daily activities of society. These can be in a peaceful way, that is, they only go through the streets or publish their point of view on social networks without showing any sign of aggression and in the same way are those that are made with the use of violence and vandalism, they consist ofGoing the streets painting the monuments, assaulting everyone who wants to be in front (authorities).
Social networks became a great help to the population that is dedicated to these types of oppositions since they allow themThey will attend and finally there they can plan how they do it.