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The abuse of energizing drinks and caffeine
“These drinks are free sales products, promoted as a way to relieve fatigue, maintain vigil, improve physical performance and stimulate cognitive abilities in situations of stress, adolescents and young adults are their greatest consumers, seeking to improve their intellectual performance, link socially and/or antagonize the effects of alcohol. Since the entire population has free access to these drinks, their advertising is open and massive and the only restriction that the law is contemplated is the sale to minors. Consumption has shot in recent years, although its security is not completely studied. This is a relevant problem, since various components of these drinks can represent a health risk of those who consume them, especially without quantity restriction ”.
“Among the youth population, university students have a greater predilection for these drinks, the most prone to their consumption are those of medicine, according to studies in New York, Turkey and Canada, in which the population studied refers that frequent ingestionIt is carried out with the aim of achieving greater academic performance (34.8%) and controlling the effects of alcohol poisoning (11.9%). Even knowing their possible toxicity, the university students subject to these studies consider them a safe product. In a study conducted to determine motivation, perception and ingestion patterns of the energizing drinks of this age group, they argued the following reasons to take them, in their order: energy production and maintenance of vigil, flavor, antagonism of the effects of alcohol, facilitation of drunkenness and socia linking ". (Sánchez, 2015)
"Energy drinks can promise an energy impulse, but experts are increasingly concerned that the cocktail of ingredients they contain can have involuntary health risks". (Howard, 2019)
“The consumption of this product – noted a few years ago – has extended. Frantic life rhythms, studies compatible with jobs, long working hours, infinite leisure plans and wanting to reach everything. We look for solutions to throw more, to perform, to satisfy everyone and everything that claims us ”. (CARCELLER, 2019)
“A can of these drinks can contain caffeine between three and five cups of coffee and this is an excess for anyone. Consuming high amounts of caffeine leads to a cardiovascular problem, produces tachycardia, accelerated breathing and lack of coordination (tremor in the hands, for example). In addition, bullfighting is a neurotransmitter that causes stimuli. It is used in low quantities naturally in the body, but these drinks contain too high doses, putting the health of those who consume them at risk ”. (Morales, 2019)
“Promoted to have a better performance in daily activity and against decay. Also, very popular among young people who are going to dance for hours and need to have more energy. Energy or energy drinks are a boom of this century. At present, these drinks are extremely popular in the world, although their safety is being questioned since they are related to serious cardiovascular events (arrhythmias and sudden death).It is important to keep in mind that the consumption of energy drinks is associated with cardiac arrhythmias, including supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (these last two involved in sudden death). So the current evidence makes us conclude that they should not be ingested by risk people such as patients with coronary heart disease, myocardiopathies or hereditary canalopathies. In healthy or apparently healthy individuals it is recommended to limit their consumption to a can per day, being important not to combine them with alcohol or other substances because they increase their arrhythmogenic component ”. (Infobae, 2017)
Energy drinks are regulated by the European Commission as a food product that stipulates that it should not exceed the amount of 32 mg of caffeine per 100 ml. However, new formats are currently emerging that could alter consumer’s perception in relation to the amount that can be taken or that can incite greater consumption. This is the case of the ‘Energy Drinks’ (‘Shots’), for sale only in gas stations, whose 60 ml containers contain a greater concentration of caffeine than the usual 250 mg containeEven liter and a half of energy drinks that can already be purchased in white brands in large supermarket chains. The best known energy drinks have a large amount of caffeine, about 3 or 4 times the amount present in other drinks such as queues or coffee. The concentration of caffeine in energy drinks is established, however, the question is in the daily consumption of large amounts of energy drinks or a combination of different drinks containing caffeine, which largely elevates the average consumption of this substance between this substancethe population.
“Salas-Salvado affects that from the Catalan Health Agency it was warned in a report at the end of last year that vulnerable groups (children, adolescents and pregnant women) should not abuse these drinks with caffeine. Their consumption recommendations, although they do not establish a maximum amount, do point out that young children should avoid the consumption of energy drinks, any drink with caffeine and that older children should not drink more than one drink with caffeine a day ”. (Valenciaplaza, 2014)
Guaraná. A herb used to prevent tiredness and improve mental speed. It is also used to promote weight loss and increase sexual desire. Taurine. A supplement used to improve memory and resistance. Ginseng. A herb that is used to help reduce stress, strengthen muscles and improve resistance. SinEphrine (bitter orange). A herb used to promote weight loss. L-L-carnitine tartratine (LCLT). A supplement used to increase energy, memory, and speed. It is also used to break the fat. Yerba mate. A herb used to prevent tiredness and improve mood. Ginkgo. A herb used to increase concentration and avoid tiredness. Grass of San Juan. A herb used to reduce stress and improve mood. These stimulants are not always harmful to themselves. When combined with caffeine they can cause health problems. Doctors care about the dangers of energizing drinks. Side effects differ depending on the person, type and quantity used. Energy drink reactions include: headaches, stomach or diarrhea pains. These effects could be caused by lack of water or poor diet, chest pain, feelings of anxiety or nervousness, dizziness or lack of concentration, inability to reconcile sleep, obesity, energy drinks can have a high content of sugar and calories. They can cause weight gain or diabetes, dental problems. Some serious health problems can also occur due to the consumption of energy drinks, such as: addiction and abstinence, high blood pressure, seizures, heart problems. Many people report tachycardia. Its main use has been related to irregular heart rate or heart failure. Less frequent cases have been related to death. Children tend to be more sensitive to caffeine. It can be harmful to its growth. People who have heart or asthma problems also have a higher risk.
It is recommended not to mix these drinks with alcohol, pregnant women and infant women, children, people sensitive to caffeine, with cardiovascular or neurological disorders should refrain from consuming them, not using them to replace lost liquids in intense physical activity: caffeine has diuretic effectsand increases the risk of dehydration. In these cases you have to drink water or drinks designed for it. Energy drinks is consumed: adults (from 18 to 65 years). 30% of the interviewees claimed that they took energy drinks. Of these, 12% were large consumers of 4-5 units a week (4.5 liters on average each month). 11% drank in a single session at least one liter. Teenagers (from 10 to 18 years old). 68% of the interviewees assured that they took them in a regular basis. 12%, about seven liters per month, and another 12% drank at least one liter in a single session. Children (from 3 to 10 years). 18% of the interviewees were consumers of these drinks. Of these, 16% cited an average intake of 0.95 liters per week (about four liters per month). Mixed with alcohol. In the form of a combined, 56% of adults and 53% of consumer adolescents take it. Associated with physical exercise. About 52% of adults and 41% of adolescents said they consumed energy drinks during physical activity.
My opinion about these energy drinks is that young people should not take it especially when we are doing homework because our body is at rest without exercising and it is very dangerous because it can give us a heart attack so we must stop drinking these drinks. They are very dangerous for our body and over time we will have many problems.
- Carceller, r. (January 18, 2019). What happens to your body when abuse of energy drinks. The vanguard.
- Howard, J. (May 29, 2019). Obtained from https: // cnnespanol.CNN.com/2019/05/29/las-bee
- Infobae. (August 24, 2017). Energy drinks can cause sudden death. Health.
- Morales, a. (May 20, 2019). Energy drinks, what do they produce in the body? Health and family.
- Sánchez, J. C. (2015). Energy drinks: beneficial and harmful health effects. Perspectives in human nutrition, 80.
- Valencia Plaza. (December 21, 2014). Energy drink abuse causes health problems.