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Speech analysis and its method to direct
The speech of the method to direct reason well and seek the truth in the sciences is the main work of René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician of the seventeenth century. The first part of this work presents different considerations about the sciences of your time. The disappointment presented by Descartes with the teachings received at the Jesuit School of the Arrow is shown, caused because he thought that none of his subjects aimed at the search for truth;His function was simply practice or pleasure. However, mathematics are the only ones that are saved to that feeling for their certainty thanks to its rigorous method.
I also have to some extent the same feeling as Descartes, disappointment with teaching, but for different reasons. In my case, I feel that education the only thing that tries to teach us is to learn by heart a certain content and retain it until the moment we examine ourselves, in which we vomit that information and we no longer remember what was studied.
It is true that there are some teachers who try to avoid it, but many professionals do not, who lack vocation. But the fault does not reside only in the teachers, it also falls on the politicians who dictate the teaching standards, which the last time they stepped on a school was when their studies ended. Those who should make these laws should be teaching professionals, who have a better conception of what is needed. On the other hand, I do not believe that some of the subjects I study and have studied are necessary or well raised.
Putting as an example technological itinerary baccalaureate, I consider that the subjects of philosophy, history of philosophy, history of Spain and Spanish language and literature should be lighter, since in this type of high school they should focus on technical subjects such as physical,Technology, mathematics or technical drawing and not give so much importance to subjects that the only function they have in this itinerary is cultural.
In Descartes, mathematics were not used as a research instrument. This marks the author’s philosophical career, with the aim of not erring in the search for knowledge, and carrying the reason for the methodical path of mathematics. In my opinion, the idea of applying mathematics to philosophy to achieve true reasoning seems magnificent to me, I am amazed at how I could have that idea at that time.
In the second part, the method and its main four rules that Descartes has developed to solve the problem of veracity of the science of that time is explained. This method is a firm pillar, and tries to doubt above all, but of purpose different from that of skepticism. The difference is that the latter do it to continue in doubt, but Descartes does so to achieve the opposite: security, lack of error.
This type of question is called methodical doubt, and will entail the development of a simple and crystalline method formed by four fundamental rules. The number one rule of this procedure is that of evidence, according to which we should not accept anything as true without obviously knowing that it is, in this way, not to throw ours. To do this, you need to start main evidence, that is, transparent and understandable without problem.
In my opinion, this rule is very important, because if we start making mistakes, it doesn’t matter if we have done it perfect that it will not have served anything. That is why I think it is positioned first. On the other hand, I think that sometimes it can become difficult to meet because we can have wrong concepts and consider them as obvious, either because we have learned them badly. That is why the clarification of starting from very clear evident principles is made to avoid this problem.
The other three rules explain the rigorous path that leads us to safe science. In this way, the second of the four rules tells us that we have to separate all the difficulties that arise in as many parts as possible. This second step is called analysis. The third rule of this method consists in ordering the thoughts obtained after the analysis phase, so that we start the simplest and gradually raise the difficulty to end the most complex. This third step is called synthesis.
This is one of the most useful tips that can give you in your life, because during it you will find very big problems at first sight, but that when they are gradually and divide them into small problems will facilitate their resolution. Although sometimes it may seem impossible, you can always, if not only, with the help of other people you get.
I believe that this process is very useful because you solve the problem in small doses, getting bigger. So I think you are taking ease and confidence in yourself. This rule is what is applied in teaching, the most basic part of a new knowledge is first taught to understand it more easily, and then more and more difficult concepts are explained, to end the exam, which would be the top of thatmountain, although then the mountain has higher peaks.
However, I think that this procedure depends on each person and their way of working, because if you leave the most complex for the end, at that time you can get tired and without enough forces to overcome that last challenge. On the other hand, if it started through a middle ground, neither the simplest nor the most complicated, and gradually ascended, when the most complicated task was finished, to the end it would be as easy as easier, which can be done with theremaining force after the most complex.
It is true that if you start on the one hand that you already find it complicated, your self – esteem could go down. For this reason this rule is subjective and depends on each individual, which must be known very well to do this as efficient as possible. The fourth and last rule, but not the least important is the enumeration of the third part of some norms of morality that Descartes took out of that method. In the quarter part, there are the reasons with which the existence of God and the human soul proves, which are the foundations of metaphysics.
The fifth part tells us the order of physics issues, and has investigated and, in particular, the explanation of the movement of the heart and some other difficulties that concern medicine, and also the difference between our soul and that ofanimals. Finally, in the sixth Descartes tells us the things that he believes necessary to free, in the investigation of nature, beyond where he has arrived, and the reasons that have promoted him to write.