Knowing Music Therapy: Therapy And Fun

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Knowing music therapy: Therapy and fun


Music therapy is defined as the use of music and musical activities as a primary or medium response stimulus for a therapeutic change. In the case of neurological patients, it is an especially useful method of cognitive stimulation for maintenance and even recovery of both short -term memory and long -term memory. 

As well as communication with its environment and interaction with it, and the mood tone. It is also useful for the stimulation of psychomotor skills, recovering and maintaining recognition of the body and environment, and psychomotor coordination.


Music is a universal medium of expression of feelings and emotions that it uses as expressive means, both in its imaginative spiritual creation and by taking sensitive form to externalize, two elements: sound and rhythm. The rhythm orders the sounds in diverse forms, giving each of them a certain accentuation and value. 

From this combination, the melody or musical discourse consisting of sound vibrations, governed by rhythmic laws and sounds (harmony) that forms that sublime and universal formal language capable of provoking in the human being acoustic sensations before which it reacts in a way in a wayinstantaneous and thoughtless, thus originating various moods that we call emotions. These emotions are subjective, that is, they affect us exclusively and belong to the affective order.

Music, in music therapy, is used to facilitate change through an interpersonal relationship, doing the role of guidance, facilitator or bridge that leads to a therapeutic contact with oneself and others. Music, that "wonderful noise" directly influences the body, senses, feelings, thoughts and behavior.

Whether if you hear and run, music favors and enables an exchange of ideas and feelings with other people. The sounds that penetrate a group are perceived by all its members, impregnate all creating an emotional communication climate that allows to express themselves and relate to integrity and fullness, enhancing the custom of thinking and working in a group, that is, interacting, throughA satisfactory activity. For neurological patients, music therapy is music, not therapy or treatment, so it is a fun and fun activity.

The different levels of music structuring correspond to others of human structuring: the active rhythm, the physiological melody, and the mental harmony. In its physiological-corporal dimension, as an individual and different experience for each one, it can relax or excite depending on mood: it promotes changes in breathing, circulation and skin (variations in the galvanic response). It can make them accelerate or retard brain functions. Promote changes in electromyography, endocrine and metabolic activity and reduces or delay fatigue.

It stimulates the scheduled movement of the march, releasing at your feet from the small steps characteristic of the walk of many of the neurological patients. It favors the recovery of fine motor skills through the use of simple instruments, energizing the patient against the general tendency towards psychic and motor immobility, delaying the process of deterioration of their physical and psychic abilities, and maintaining the space – temporal orientation. In its affective dimension it favors recognition by stimulating memory: it promotes the reinforcement of affective ties by recognition and as a consequence it favors self – esteem.

Although from music all human aspects can be stimulated (the bodily, the affective, the cognitive, the social) will always be primarily rooted in affection. We know that it is the only sure thing that subjects the neurological patient to reality and the only ability that he will not lose and that, although he is not able to express it in the last stages of the disease, if it is degenerative, he willfeel.

The organization of sounds has that direct and spontaneous capacity to promote memories, fantasies, images belonging to the past or as a projection of something;Wake up the deepest sensitivity, that sometimes it is impossible to express in words, facilitating and being a vehicle for the expression of emotions. Music has the power to evoke, associate and integrate and is an exceptional resource of self-expression, liberation and emotional interaction, serving as a conductive thread in communication.

Since the loss of perception, cognitive and language capacities in neurological patients reduces interaction with the environment causing apathy, regression and social isolation, music therapy is an incredible method of communication and interaction for them, to such an extent that ifIn the course of a music therapy session they do not look into their eyes, they don’t get a single note.

And since the only thing that subjects the neurological patient to reality is affection, is it not true that we remember with special emotion those songs that we hear in our youth, and even associate them with determined events so that their melodies bring us to memory situations situationsconcrete?;Isn’t it true that they bring us to memory endearing memories of our awakening to life, our first love, our first years of couple, our first home or our first child? We even have them so associated with those events that occurred between our fifteen and thirty.

There is a special conservation of memory for the auditory discrimination of tones, rhythms and melodies that the neurological patient retains for that special bond, to the point that sick who have already lost their speech can be able to continue a song that they havestarted to hear or have begun to sing, even because of the mere repetition of sounds without verbal content, promoting the recovery of the articulation that could be losing.

In its cognitive dimension the music works the two sides of the brain-a little more the right-develops sustained attention, stimulates imagination and creativity, and helps to transform pre-logical thinking into logical.

Stimulates attention, concentration and remote memory more than other methods, being the most effective for the stimulation of short and long -term memory, so important in the treatment of Alzheimer’s patients.


Finally, in its social dimension music is a universal language not subject to the differences between spoken and most social languages of all arts (it has been common experience of all time, all races and cultures). Organizing the sounds in time with the purpose of creating and interpreting the expressive forms that elaborate or give meaning to musical experience throughout life and human history, music therapy can develop, improve or restore social relationships and increasecommunication. Therefore it has a social dimension: on the one hand it reduces isolation and on the other helps create or strengthen social and family ties.

It also helps improve behavior disorders. As we see, we have in our hands a fantastic instrument (and never better) therapeutic for cognitive stimulation and psychomotor skills, so necessary in the first stages of the disease to stop or slow it down, and a continuous and indestructible emotional media.

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