Italy’s politics in the 60s
Italy, during the decade prior to the 60s, the country was governed by a democracy without alternation under a political coalition composed of Christian democracy (DC), the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI), the Italian Republican Party (PRI ) and the Italian Liberal Party (PLI). In 1953, a transition to the center -left of the political spectrum was carried out, when the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) was incorporated into the plane. In the elections of that year, the PSI managed to reduce the support that was had to the coalition, thus starting a period of instability within Italian politics. Because of this, the DC begins to look.
On the other hand, despite the fact that the PSI was making its way to Italian politics, it was still in search of a stronger support, so it decides to express its intentions of collaboration with the Italian Communist Party (PCI), but this was seen hindered, since the PCI was looking to form a center -left alliance with the DC.
The results of the elections of the year 1958, where there was a fusion between the DC and the PSI, meant a representation for much of the population, since it grouped both ideologies related to the conservative side, as ideologies close to the PCI. For the elections of the year 1963 problems arise because it was believed that the DC was being subordinated by the PSI, causing the latter to be exceeded by the PC in the elections of that year. The tees that were loaded continued in 1964, since the socialists and conservatives failed to reach an agreement, putting the economy at risk, which was in front of an imminent crisis. However, in 1965, the four coalition government parties set aside their differences and joined to face the economic recession.
Parallel to what was being lived in politics, in 1968, student protests arise, with objectives based on reforms of the educational system. Following the same line, in 1969, mobilizations begin by industrial workers, farmers, trade unionists, among others, in order to access decent schedules and salaries and, to a greater social security. Student and workers’ demands were so caught in society and internal politics, reaching the point of armed attacks by neo -fascist parties towards leftist parties. During the period from 1968 to 1972, Italy was in a context of political instability, since there were tensions between the revolutionary left and the right. The first threatened with its constant actions, while the second threatened with a military coup.
Some facts that show this instability are: the dissolution of the cameras in the 1972 and 1976 and the support of the DC to the opposition, after joining the PCI, in order to maintain, as far as possible, the stability. Years later the DC reestablishs its authority in the regional elections of 1970 and 1971, after returning to the center of the political spectrum.
The end of the 60s and the beginning of the 70 And social.