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Islam in South America and the possible influence of Islamic extremism
Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion, based on its sacred book "El Koran", which establishes a series of sacred principles or dogmas for its followers, among which we highlight the following:
- "There is no more God than there" (Sura 3:18) .
- "Muhammad is the last messenger of Tuhh" (Sura 48:29)
Huhh, it is a word of Arab origin that God means, the Castilianization of it has transformed it into there. Islamic theologians define Islam as: "Submission to God the Most High through monotheism, obedience and abandonment of idolatry". According to the provisions of Islamic scholars, the sacred book was revealed there to Muhammad through Yibril (Archangel Gabriel) and all those who have Islam as their religion, are called Muslims and attest that Muhammad is the last of theprophets sent by God.
Origin of Islam
Among the religions that base their beliefs on the fact that there is a single God (Judaism, Christianity and Islam), Islam (originating in Judaism) is the youngest, since its emergence dates from the beginning of the seventh century, whenThe prophet Muhammad created Islam, in the city of Mecca (Saudi Arabia), where he transmitted the revelations that had been made there, through the Archangel Gabriel.
These revelations were not accepted in Mecca, so it emigrated in 622 to another city called Jathib, which then changed its name to Medina, in honor of the prophet, its meaning is "city of the prophet". This fact in the history of Islam was called Hégira and is the beginning of the time account for this religion.
The beliefs of the followers of Islam
Beyond recognizing other books such as Sacred, such as SUNA, which was written by the followers closest to Muhammad and refers to everything he did, said or approved during his life and is considered the second at the level of importanceWith regard to religious instruction, the Quran is considered the perfect word from there.
They stand out among their beliefs, that there is the only God and that Muhammad was his prophet. The significance of such words is such that to become Islam, it is enough to pronounce them, to achieve conversion. The life of the followers of Islam is based on five basic pillars:
- The testimony of faith: "There is no true God, but only God (there), and Muhammad is the messenger of God"
- Prayer: At least 5 times a day must be done.
- The alms: must be given to the needy.
- Fasting: in addition to occasional festivities, all Muslims must fast during the Ramadan celebration .
- The pilgrimage to the Mecca Mosque:, to the extent of the possibilities of believers, at least once (in the twelve month of the Islamic calendar).
These pillars are part of the framework that dictates obedience to God, is such the importance given to them among the followers of Islam, which within their religious conception is believed that strict fulfillment of them will be the keyParadise.
Born in the city of Mecca at 570 D.C., He was the son of influential merchants, belonging to Clan Hasim (name of his grandfather who gave his name to the clan), of the Quraysh tribe. He did not meet his father who died before his birth.
At 6 years he was orphaned by his mother Amina died, so she was initially raised by her grandfather Abd al-Mutalib and later by her uncle Abu Talib, who was the guardian of the Kaaba and with priestly rank.
At twenty -five he married a rich widow named Jadicha, who was his partner and wife for 15 years and had four girls and two boys, who died prematurely. Around 610 D.C. He began to have the first revelations, which began to preach in 613.
Due to its continuous disagreements with the main leaders of MECA, finally on July 16, 622 the Hégira (emigration) occurs with its followers to the city of Medina, where many clans became the new religion, Islam.
A Constitution was issued where some of the nomadic standards imposed, among which are:
- The Solidarity.
- Blood revenge.
- Acceptance of the prophet decisions in revealed matters.
- Delivery to this one from the loot.
Progressively he acquired power over his faithful, to the point that in the year 631 D.C. He seized the Mecca and later in the year 632 of all Arabia. The different tribes, formerly conflicting and scattered, became Islam, which allowed the union of them.
Finally he dies in 632, having left a powerful religious legacy, who still continues his "conquest".
Islam and Christianity
Although initially it could be established that both religions are very different, the facts indicate that they have various similarities and/or similarities, among which they stand out:
- A common origin, Judaism.
- They believe in paradise and hell.
- Belief in the final judgment.
- They recognize Mary as the mother of Jesus.
- They recognize Jesus (as a prophet).
- They recognize Abraham as the prophet and patriarch.
- They accept the offspring of their prophets from the children of Abraham, Muhammad of the eldest son of Ismael, Moses and Jesus of the youngest son, Isaac.
According to Islam, Abraham settled in the place where the city of "La Mecca" is today, and built the Kaaba where all Muslims become when they pray when they pray.
Islamic world and its expansion
This denomination is given to those countries or regions of the world in which Islam is the majority religion. They are a very varied group of countries that range from constitutional monarchies such as Morocco, to democratic republics such as Turkey, through dictatorships such as Syria and teocratic regimes such as Iran. Among them there are countries that have western laws inspired by Islam and countries whose only law is Sharia .
Worldwide, social inequality, where wealth is concentrated in a few, has generated large poverty rates, and millions of people live and die under conditions of extreme poverty, without the slightest hope of a more prosperous future.
Islam, unlike other religions, has managed to be linked to the most needy, sending their religious message, where they find a source of apparent hope and equality.
According to the Pew Research Center, Islam has had an exponential growth, currently reaching 1800 million believers (approximately), which represents 24.32 % of the total world population, having expanded on all continents in greater orlesser extent. This growth is not only due to the conversion of non -Muslims, but to the high birth rate that people of Islamic origin have.
Initially it is important to note that for a civilization to prevail over time, generational replacement is necessary, for which the so -called birth rate (births per woman) cannot be less than 2.11. If this index drops to 1.3, it would be impossible to reverse this situation, so the population will gradually decrease until disappearing.
Such a situation, affects countries, in particular countries such as France, England, Spain, Russia, USA and Canada, among others. South America countries do not escape that reality.
Beyond the efforts made by some countries such as Russia to encourage birth (incentives for children, benefits for the purchase of home, education, etc.), with the purpose of reversing that negative rate, so far solutions that allow to stop this trend are not glimpsed in the medium term. As a contrast, in the Muslim world, that number widely exceeds the average birth rate, as demonstrated by the following comparative tables with information obtained from the World Bank.
For many analysts, the demographic explosion that Islam has had, do not represent simple percentages and forecasts, but are part of a coordinated strategic conception, which provides for religious-ideological propagation, to lead to their civilization to the world cusp, where theIslam governs the so -called, "unfaithful".