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Heart disorders and cardiovascular diseases
The present research talks about cardiovascular diseases which are a set of heart disorders and blood vessels, including arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease, myocardiopathies. Which are currently the main causes of death worldwide. More people die every year for some of these diseases than for any other cause (WHO, 2018)
It is estimated that in 2012 17 died.5 million people for cardiovascular diseases, which represents 30% of deaths recorded in the world. Of those deaths, approximately 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease, and 6.7 million to strokes (WHO, 2018).
Therefore, it is very important to have an adequate diet for this type of pathologies, select a list of healthy foods and be under certain nutritional recommendations to preserve or improve health status with these people.
- Know the concept of cardiovascular diseases to know what the subject is about.
- Provide proper information about Diets for PX with this pathology.
The present work is with the intention of making known the options of diets that can be granted to patients with some cardiovascular disease, to make known what types of food can consume and the way they can cook them, likewise, to educate them thatfoods are prohibited and giving them food options.
It seeks to cause positive effect on people, provide support and knowledge for these patients.
What is the Mediterranean diet?
It is a food pattern that is complemented by the practice of physical exercise and the climate of the countries adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, and that has multiple health benefits.
It is based on the ingredients of local agriculture of countries with Mediterranean climate, fundamentally Spain and Italy. It is summarized in reducing the consumption of meat and carbohydrates for the benefit of more plant foods and monoinsaturated fats. (Jiménez, 2015)
Basic Diet Foods
Among the recommended ingredients are vegetables and legumes, fruits, fish, white meats, pasta, rice and nuts, in addition to wine consumption in moderation. Another of the most recommended products is olive oil, which due to oleic acid and its fatty -origin fat.
Fruits and vegetables that can be chosen and vegetables that must be restricted
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
- Canned vegetables with
- Under sodium content
- Canned fruits and
- preserved in juice or water
- Vegetables with creamy sauces
- Fried or rebobed vegetables
- Canned and conserved fruits in heavy syrup
- Frozen fruits with added sugar
This diet promotes the consumption of olive oil against other types of oil and especially in front of butter. Products such as red meats, sweets and eggs are scarce. It also takes into account the typical recipes of these places, made with seasonal products, as well as traditional ways of cooking and other cultural factors such as the habit of family shared meals or with friends, traditions and celebrations.
The benefits of this diet are more significant when combined with physical exercise, this must be moderate and for at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week. In the event that for reasons of time it is complicated, it must be done with the maximum regularity that can be. All this helping the burning of calories and fats, and optimal physical maintenance. This contributing to lose weight, control blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia, and to delay cognitive impairment.
- PORTION SIZE CONTROL.
Do not overload the dish, eat slowly and in a relaxed environment, chewing each food in a quiet way.
- Choose whole grains
They are a good source of fiber and nutrients that fulfill an important role in the regulation of blood pressure and heart health.
- Reduce sodium in your meals
Consuming a lot of sodium can contribute to high blood pressure, a cardiovascular disease risk factor.
- Healthy adults should not consume more than 2300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day (approximately a teaspoon of salt)
- Most adults should consume less than 1500 mg of sodium per day
It was concluded that cardiovascular diseases currently occupy the first causes of death of our country, that eating consuming incorrect foods and in inadequate portions can alter the values of a disease, of course, consuming foods that helplevel.
On the other hand, the benefits that can be obtained were also announced if you follow an adequate food plan, resulting in improving or preserving the nutritional state, in addition to giving variety of foods in the diet of these patients, teaching to eat healthy. As the main diet being the Mediterranean, everything will depend on the complications presented by the patient and his requirement, likewise, the Dash diet or both.
- Jiménez. (2015). Healthy heart diet. May 2020 Clinic. Website: https: // www.Mayoclinic.org/es-es/designs-coundies/head-disease/in-depth/heart-healthy-diet/art-20047702
- Suárez. (2010). Healthy eating and nutrition in cardiovascular diseases. 2020, from Cuban Magazine of Biomedical Research Website: Heaven.SLD.CU/PDF/IBI/V29N3/IBI06310.PDF