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Throughout history, football has been one of the most popular sports in the world, not to say the most significant of all time, as indicated by FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) in the “Great Census 2006”, Statistical and systematic survey that periodically performs among its member associations,“ there are more than 300.000 soccer clubs worldwide ". They heard well, an exorbitant figure. More, or less the number of inhabitants planned by the DANE for 2020 in the city of Sincelejo.
According to the historical data provided by FIFA, top rector of this sport worldwide, football was born in England in 1863 as a result of a meeting held in the “Freemasons Tavern” recognized sector of this city, it is here where they emergeWhat would be the first rules of the game for this sport in addition to agreeing some agreements. It is evident that football has evolved in an exponential way since its creation more than 100 years ago, really “about 265 million people regularly practice this sport in a professional, semiprofesional or amateur way. A figure that represents 4% of the world population ”, we see in this way as football in addition to being the number one sport, has become an innovative marketing strategy, since it represents millions of dollars each year with the different tournamentsthat are organized around this practice.
During a little in history, it is important to mention that this sport is first known in its beginnings as “rugby-phototball” and it is because it was linked to rugby and the ‘Association Football’ (football), “founding the oldest associationFrom the world: the ‘Football Association’ (the Football Association of England), the first government organ of sport ”, following this separation, it begins to structure and organize as a sport that would attract attention for many in the world in the world.
There is a very important thing to keep in mind is that unlike the historical development to which he was rooted, he went from playing with his hand to play with his feet. “Apart from the need to have to fight with the whole body for the ball in a large tumult (also using the legs and feet), usually without rules, it seems that from its beginnings this activity was considered as extremely difficult and thereforeDomain the ball with the foot generated admiration ".
The first impressions related to this sport date back to centuries II and III AC, in China. “He was known as‘ Ts’uh Kúh ’, and consisted of a leather ball stuffed with feathers and hairs, which had to be thrown with his foot to a small network. This was placed between long bamboo rods, separated by an opening of 30 to 40 centimeters. Another modality, described in the same manual, was that the players, on their way to the goal, hadHe began to take a game ideology but it was with the Romans with whom he began to take guidelines, “the Romans had a smaller ball and two teams played in rectangular terrain, limited with marking lines and divided with a midline. The objective was to send the ball to the opponent’s field, for which they had a great time, appealing to cunning to achieve it. “It can be denoted as in this last period it had a greater similarity of game conditions similar to current football.
Despite the popularity and place that sport occupies worldwide, it is transcendental to highlight that around it all kinds of appreciations, feelings or emotions that have led to endless decisions have been generated, some positive and othersLittle drastic, such is the case of the renowned event in the British islands in which "King Eduardo III promulgated in 1331 a decree with which he wanted to eliminate football for causing public scandal". “During the one hundred years between England and France, from 1338 to 1453, football was not well seen in court, but this time for other reasons: Eduardo III, Ricardo II, Enrique IV and Enrique V imposed a penalty toall those who practiced football, since this entertainment deprived their subjects to practice the much more useful military exercises ”.
The first British codes that gave rise to association football were characterized by their little organization and extreme violence. However, there were also other less violent and better organized codes, perhaps one of the best known was Florentine calcium, a very popular team sport in Italy that had an impact on the codes of some British schools. The definitive training of association football had its culminating moment during the 19th century, only at the beginning of this century “change is glimpsed;Football was gaining more and more land in schools, mainly in public schools and it was in this environment its process of innovation and development began ”, in addition“ with the passing of the 19th century, the image of football began to change. School authorities began to see it as a means of promoting loyalty, the faculty of sacrifice, mutual collaboration and subordination to the team idea. The sport began to appear the programs of schools and participation in football became mandatory ”.
However, in 1848, a group of students from different schools had made a first attempt to unify the wide variety of existing sports versions, in the aforementioned year representatives from different English schools gathered at the University of Cambridge to create theCambridge Code, which would work as a basis for the creation of the modern football regulations. Finally, 1863, its development began to need a decision making. So, at the University of Cambridge, it was about finding a common base and setting acceptable rules for all, on that date, in London the first rules of football association were formalized. Since then football has had constant growth, until it becomes the most popular sport in the world with about 270 million people involved.
With the realization of the first meeting of the International Football Association Board in 1886 and the FIFA foundation in May 1904, the sport has expanded until reaching every corner of the world. From 1930 the World Cup Football Cup began to be played, which would become the sports event with the highest audience on the planet.
Between 1937 and 1938, the rules of the modern game were established by Santley Rous, who would later be president of FIFA. Rous took the original rules, created in 1886, and ordered them rationally.
By 1950, when he competed for the third time for a world title (there were no tournaments during World War II), FIFA already had 73 associations. During the second half of the twentieth century, the popularity of football attracted new devotees, and for the FIFA Congress of 2007, FIFA had 208 member associations in each corner of the planet.
The origins of football in Latin America are, according to the vision magazine, in the indigenous games, which then perfected with the English by dissemination of Cricket. And he adds a spooky fact, which leaves us badly to his descendants: ‘Before the arrival of Columbus to Central America, they practiced a football -like game that used as a ball the head of the captain of the losing team in the previous match’. The 10th century marks the first football boom, at which time spreads everywhere, although with ‘regulatory’ characteristics somewhat contradictory. But it is under the Medicis when it is ‘modernized’, implementing ordered techniques and norms that contemplated even demands related to clothing. The "dimayor" of the Medicis family did not waste time, or as everything of his, he taught instructions whose violation deserved severe sanctions.
On January 18, 1948, a Colombian amateur team defeated (one to zero), to Vélez Sarfield, a professional team of Argentina, news that reached unsuspected repercussions in Creole society, which barely recognized in football a recreational activity activity. Regardless of the heavy social political environment of the country, they created an entity that would be called “Dimayor”, in charge of studying and planning the cities, equipment, rules and competition system that in six months would roll the ball and captivate a hobby.
From this point and until today, Colombian football has been constantly evolving to such an extent that Colombian players who practice this sport throughout history have reached a high level of physical-technical-technical performance, so much so much so that so much so thatThey have been signed by foreign clubs becoming worldwide recognized for their skills for the management of ball, aim, power and efficiency when kicking the ball to the opposite network, and it is currently that Colombian football lives itsBest moment since the sports level of the players reaches its maximum point. A concrete evidence of this is the last FIFA ranking where Colombia is in the number 9 position above selections of great importance such as the great Argentine of Lionel Messi and selections such as Germany and Holland.
- FIFA.COM. (2018). Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Obtained from Fédération Internationale de Football Association: https: // es.FIFA.com/about.HTML
- Soccer, t. B. (2019). How many soccer teams are in the world. The Best Soccer.
- Sariola, j. A. (2004). football. Ideasportraining, 6.