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Consequences and risks of homophobia and transphobia
No person is more prone to suicide for having a certain gender identity or sex-affective orientation, but it is because of the conditions of violence in which he lives. Belonging to a stigmatized social category related to sexual identity or affectivity-significance that contradicts the established social values, fruits of cultural sexual moral.
A large number of people suffer from prejudices about sexual and gender diversity (DSG). This is a concept that is more comprehensive than that of LGTBI (lesbians, gays, transsexuals, bisexual and intersex) since it takes into account people who have not yet self-identified, who do not want to do it, to transgender people, queer, sons and daughters of homoparental families, and others that do not conform to the heteropatriarcal norm. It refers to those people who do not respond to social expectations regarding sexual orientation, gender and expression of it. The consequences of homobitransphobia are suffered by the whole society, by imposition of a restrictive masculinity, limited gender roles, family crises, social violence, etc. But people who do not respond to gender expectations (those included in the DSG group) as well as sons and daughters of diverse or LGTB families, fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters, family or simply friendships, live this violence more directly.
Homophobic and transphobic harassment has a negative impact on the mental health of DSG people, leaving important sequelae in psychological well -being. To the above is added the lack of support social networks, the difficulties when accepting their affective-sexual orientation or their sexual and gender identity, as well as the acceptance by significant people, all this influences psychological well-being of people. The accumulation of aggressions, circumstances that lead to hopelessness and lack of support and understanding are conditions that lead to a person to make the decision to end their life. Suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and self-injurious behaviors have a significant incidence in people with DSG. In suicide suicide or attempt whose main cause is the heteronorm in terms of sexual orientation and gender identity The stigma of the suicide taboo is multiplied more than double.
Masculinity exists in opposition to the feminine, is built in relation to men, their partners, friends. Men have to prove to be constantly and periodically men, highlighting that they are not women, they are not children, they are not animals, or homosexuals and assume their masculinity based on control, domain and violence. The gender variable and the construction of masculinity about the pillar of the homobitransphobia makes men the main aggressors towards other young people for their LGTB condition. To attack this matter, it is necessary.
Homophobia and environmental transphobia are cause of serious risk of suicide among the LGTBI adolescent population. Studies such as FELGTB allow to verify the terrible consequences that an disrespectful and aggressive social context can have with diversity. The homobitransphobic insult can cause immense damage since it entails a great stigma, to which the problem of non -acceptance as homosexual, transsexual or bisexual. The adolescents know the risks of being considered different, they know of the risks of being/seem/being taken or taken by homosexual or transsexual, even before suspecting that this denomination the/as qualifies themselves/. ace. The risk of suicide can be one of the most painful consequences of Homobitransphobic bullying. The results of the pioneer study carried out by FELGTB and COGAM have found that there is a link between homophobia, despair and the risk of suicide preparation, preparation or attempt. (FELGTB and COGAM, 2012).
The despair that accompanies these minor in their lives is generated as a result of the sum of several factors, on the one hand the experience of continuous harassment, the lack of support and positive models with which to identify. The lives of these adolescents are accompanied by permanent difficulties, of negativity, of inability to visualize a positive future and their confidence that the situation can improve is diminished.