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Computer crimes problems by gaps and plagiarism
In order to define a frame of reference in the field of technologies and crimes for the European Union, the “Cybercrime Agreement of the Council of Europe” was signed. This agreement proposes a classification of computer crimes in four groups: crimes against confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data and systems: illicit access to computer systems, illicit interception of computer data, interference in the operation of a computer system, abuse of devices that facilitate the commission of crimes.
Some of these crimes groups form them: the theft of identities, the connection to unauthorized networks and the use of Spyware and Keylogger. Computer crimes: computer falsification through the introduction, deletion or suppression of computer data. Computer fraud through the introduction, alteration or deletion of computer data, or interference in computer systems. Fraudulent data or file corruption some examples of crimes of this type.
Crimes related to content
- Production, offer, dissemination, acquisition of child pornography content, through a computer system or possession of said contents in a computer system or data storage medium.
- Crimes related to infractions of intellectual property and related rights:
- An example of this group of crimes is the copy and distribution of computer programs, or computer piracy.
What is piracy?
Although there is no legal definition of the Piracy of Copyright, it can be understood that it includes any act of violation of the copyright, either by the obtaining and distribution of copies without the prior express authorization of the author, or by public communication and made available to content illegally. Likewise the introduction of pirate merchandise to a territory. Such circumstance can understand the violation of moral and patrimonial rights.
What is plagiarism?
A person commits plagiar if he copy or imitates something that does not belong to him and pretends to be the author of it without their authorization. In the case of written documents, for example, this crime is typified when, without the use of quotes or without explicitly indicating the origin, nor cite the original source of information, an idea is included, a paragraph, an alien phrase, a photograph or the complete work. This specifically constitutes a violation of the paternity of the work, considered within the framework of moral rights.
It is used to refer to the distance between social groups regarding access and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). The digital gap can occur by economic, social or geographical issues, to name a few possibilities. When this gap exists, there are a set of people who can access and use technological tools regularly, while another group has no possibility. This digital gap generates an inequality of opportunities: without access to technology, it is not possible to use information to generate new knowledge.
It is the use of social networks to harass a person or group of people, through personal attacks, dissemination of personal or false information among other media. It is considered cyberbullying, to everything that is carried out through electronic devices, in order to damage or assault a person or a group. In addition, these cyberbullying acts have characteristics that are the anonymity of the aggressor, their speed and reach. You can establish a criminal offense. Cybercase implies repetitive damage inflicted through electronic media. Harassment aims to cause emotional anguish, concern, and has no legitimate purpose for the choice of communications.
How does the cyberbocked?
Senting emails or unpleasant messages in order to threaten the recipient? Sharing or publishing photos, videos or unpleasant information of a person in a profile, page, blog or chat? Make yourself going to another person to say unpleasant things, in an email, messages forum, chat, etc.? Entering the email or social media profile of the victim to leave messages in his name. Getting photographs or compromising or intimate images of another person, in order to blackmail and threaten her to publish them.
A pederast deception is a series of behaviors and actions deliberately made by an adult, through the Internet, with the aim of gaining the friendship of a minor, creating an emotional connection with him, in order to reduce the concerns of the concerns of the concerns of the minor and be able to sexually abuse him. In some cases, you can seek the introduction of the minor to the world of child prostitution or the production of pornographic material. This is due to the ease of communication that allows the network and the difficulty for the parental supervision of digital life,
Both factors that allow pedophiles to see on the Internet a context and a tool to do their harassment. Normally, contact between both parties begins through some Internet service, almost always social networks. They are services widely used by minors and all of them have chat functionalities to talk. The attacker usually uses deception to facilitate that first contact, creating false profiles with ages and tastes similar to those of the child, so that it is attractive and interesting, to accept his friend request.
He can propose to continue talking in private for instant messaging or video call, such as WhatsApp or Skype. Once that friendship is initiated, they will gain confidence. The objective is to make the child feel comfortable and understood, I may even coat with a gift, physical or virtual (a new mobile, money, balance to talk by phone or credits for your favorite video game), or with the promise of A perfect relationship. In this way, they can gradually intimate, upload the tone of the conversations and get the minor to leave the guard, to entrust him with a compromised image or video, or some private secret.
One of the digital risks we find and the first one we are going to name is are addictions. Are there really digital addictions? Many specialists agree that we are facing one of the most recent addictive disorders; However, for others it is rather an uncontrolled use without further inconvenience than those that generates excessive behavior. Digital addictions usually occur mostly in young people, by mobile +and/or social media addiction. According to WHO (World Health Organization), addiction is a mental illness, so it must be addressed to psychological criteria.
When excessive and problematic internet use occurs, it is a dependency. Something that is useful, beneficial and pleasant becomes a serious personal, family, professional and even health problem. A series of studies have been carried out that show that there are indeed teenagers who present digital addictions (internet dependence, mobile and video games). These addictions that we are commenting on negatively influence our health, then we will see how:
As we already named, the population of greatest risk is adolescents, because they have the best resources on social networks to expand their interpersonal relationships and resolve (or complicate) their emotional relationships. It is stated that digital addictions do not have the same risk as other types of addictions; However, they can become a pathology, people need more, they are not able to leave it and interrupt this activity generates discomfort and anxiety, the closest thing to having a “abstinence syndrome”.
Finally, it is obvious that there are treatments for these addictions, we have been able to speak with the Chóliz and Marco researchers who have explained that they have adequate treatment protocols applied to other addictions to adapt them to the treatment of people who wish to overcome a digital addiction. The objective is that the person can use technology but in a controlled way. In a first stage you have to reduce the time and the need for use, with control techniques and alternative internet activities.