Comparing The Pictorial Works: The Monalisa And The Cry

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Comparing the pictorial works: the monalisa and the cry

The "Mona Lisa" and "The cry" are works that are located in a totally different time and talking about a foreground perspective both works of art have a character in the center and as the protagonist, however they are not paintings that can Being completely compared because they are totally different not only by the movement to which they belong, because "La Mona Lisa" belongs to the Renaissance and "the cry" to expressionism, to describe the differences of these paintings, I will explain every movement to which they belong to.

Expressionism is a movement that is responsible for deforming reality to express the values ​​that you want to show or transmit to the viewer; He only paints what the nature of his interior wants to convey, not what the external reality shows, he reflects the feelings of the artist and the cruel entone of society.

The cry, it is the first painting considered as an expressionist, expressionism has a direct manifestation, based on an inner need that releases the naturalistic content through the artist to express freely about the interpretation of reality, because their images are original and They are not copied in order to be able to express the interior and subjective of the artist, several resources are used in the subjective interpretation of reality such as: disproportion, distortion of forms according to an inner impulse, the schematization or reduction of the forms to the essentials.

Another of its main characteristics is that color and stroke is used to emphasize feelings and symbolically express certain moods for the same that it goes against reality destroy the three -dimensional space by emphasizing the form of the expressive force of The images through the use of simple forms of flat character or with little volume effect, agglomerates the shapes and figures, it should be emphasized that in this movement intense and contrasted colors are used that lack a decorative nature.

Expressionism breaks with impressionism through freedom in the use of form and color, and in some cases of the deformation of reality, but what most characterizes expressionism is the externalization of feelings, without seeking beauty Neither any aesthetic value, also marked much more with pessimism in Europe during wars, because he felt fear, horror and ugliness in most of the art of this time.

The Renaissance was a cultural and social movement that emerged in Europe from the fifteenth century, this stage is considered as the transition stage between the Middle Ages and modernity, the fall of Constantinople in 1453 is the most common reference as the beginning of this stage, because the social schemes of feudalism and agricultural economy fell with the passage of the commercial economy and new ordinances emerged in society, for all this the Renaissance was not only a change in art matters but also in the mentality of people.

Recentism values ​​the balanced, harmonic forms and the idealization of reality, since it is a movement that renewed interest in nature and its observation to transfer them to painting and sculpture, Leonardo da Vinci, Miguel Ángel and Rafael are considered as the maximum exponents and leaders of this movement.

The cry is very characteristic painting of expressionism and is currently in the National Gallery of Oslo, this painting is known that its origin comes from a painter named Edvard Munch who had an excessively severe father, had a sick childhood and a trauma for witnessing The death of his mother being still a child and the death of his sister, all this led him to have mental problems and it is said that the angels who surrounded him all his life were the disease, madness and death.

The painting occurs to Munch on an afternoon of 1892 while writing in his diary, he walked with his friends on a path when the sunset began and the sky was red, he leaned on a fence and stayed still while by Inside he felt anxiety and an infinite cry that crossed nature.

The "Mona Lisa" or better known as the "Gioconda" was painted by Leonado da Vinci, an oil on a table with a spatched technique (very characteristic technique of Da Vinci), and retouched several times by him, it is a work that achieves A great three -dimensional and deep sensation with a smile of their model, some art critics say that due to the perspectives of many people, if you look directly at the mouth, the smile disappears, while if you look in the eyes or another part From the picture the smile returns, also a characteristic of this painting is that the model has no eyebrows or eyelashes, because it was a custom of that time, shaving all the hair of the face, although today that would look very strange, what More strange of this painting is the smile because it could be the reflection of many feelings but none specifically. 

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