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Communities about the Hiroshima Bomb
After Hiroshima’s bombing, Truman issued a statement announcing the use of the new bomb. I declare that the German atomic bomb project had failed, and that the United States and its allies had spent two billion dollars in the biggest scientific commitment in history, and had won ’. Truman warned Japan: ‘If they do not accept our terms now, they can expect a rain of air bombs, something that has never been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack, the numbers and power they have not seen and with the combat ability of which they are already aware ‘.
This was a speech widely disseminated by Japanese news agencies. The OWI radio station, transmitted a message similar to Japan every 15 minutes on Hiroshima, indicating that more Japanese cities would face a similar end if they did not immediately accept the terms of Potsdam’s statement and emphatically asked civilians to evacuate themain cities. Radio Japan, who continued praising Japan’s victory by not giving up, had informed the Japanese of Hiroshima’s destruction.
Prime Minister Suzuki felt forced to meet with the Japanese press, whom he mentioned again his government’s commitment to ignore the demands of the allies and continue fighting. On August 5, Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov informed Tokyo about unilateral repeal by the Soviet Union of the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact. Two hours after midnight on August 9, Soviet infantry, armor and air forces had launched Manchuria’s strategic offensive.
Operation. Four hours later, the Official Guerra Declaration of the Soviet Union arrived in Tokyo. The senior management of the Japanese army began preparations to impose martial law in the nation, with the support of the war minister Korechika Anami, to stop anyone who tries to make peace. On August 7, a day after Hiroshima was destroyed, the dr. Yoshio Nishina and other atomic physicists arrived in the city and carefully examined the damage.
Then they returned to Tokyo and told the cabinet that Hiroshima had been destroyed by a nuclear weapon. Admiral Soemu Toyoda, chief of the General Staff of the Navy, estimated that more than one or two additional bombs could be prepared, so they decided to endure the remaining attacks, recognizing that ‘there would be more destruction, but the war would continue’. American Magic code decipherers intercepted the cabinet messages.
Purnell, Parsons, Tibbets, Spaatz and Lemay met in Guam that same day to discuss what should be done next. As there were no indications for Japan to surrender, they decided to launch another bomb. Parsons said the Alberta project would have it ready for August 11, but Tibbets showed meteorological reports that indicated bad flight conditions that day due to a storm, and asked if the bomb could be ready for August 9 and Parsons agreed to try.