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Communicative linguistic dimension seen from "El Prince"
We have observed through several investigations that language is the basis of human development, it is the innate ability of being to create codes with which the surrounding environment can decipher and the situations in which it must generally develop. "The human being as a complex system of integrated relationships" (United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2008). Available at http: // www.UNDP.org.PE/FRMCOCEPH.ASPX. Consulted), this means that the human being is like a machine that depends on many individual and social aspects, depends on both physical and biological factors and those that are specifically psychic, social, cultural, etc., For an integral development of being.
The Ministry of Education of Colombia raises child development as an irregular and non -linear process that is positively and negatively modified, thus creating advances and setbacks in development, although in the same way the development does not have a beginning or an established ending, by theIt says so much that through whatever the discipline or the course the training experiences are sought for the creation of new forms of interaction with the environment and with it, in order to be able to face the problems to whichSee faced and give it a positive result;In the same way, not only this type of development must be enhanced and allowed but all kinds of development clearly taking into account the child’s age.
According to the Colombian Ministry of Education, the integral development of a person consists of seven dimensions that must attend:
- Communicative dimension: It can be defined as the set of potentialities of the human being that allow it to find meaning and meaning of itself and the environment to which it belongs. It is the basic dimension par excellence and also supports and serves as the basis for the other six dimensions so that these can be carried out satisfactorily, there are many physical and cognitive qualities that make the human being enjoy understanding as it can more evidencebackground the book "Neuropsychological Fundamentals of Language" (Constanza Moya – Luz Amparo Fajardo / 1999) where the authors show us how the physical and cognitive development of the brain is in addition to some factors that could promote that theLanguage development in the individual. The human being makes use of his linguistic capacity to learn and understand through schemes (as Piaget poses) during his growth stage where through the different manifestations of language he acquires awareness of himself and creates or power skillsTo settle in society. In the book "The Little Prince" written by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry in the year of 1943 reflects throughout his work the importance of language and its management, in the work you can see a small child wandering by the differentplanets, being thus immersed in different contexts and situations where it must be unfolded and where it often feels lost or intimidated by the people that it finds there, you can also see the ability to inquiry when wanting to know terms that are exposed to it byThe different actors on his trip, such as the king, the vain man, the geographer and the fox.
- Cognitive dimension: In this dimension it is necessary to make an interrelation between what is to know (relationship established by the person with the world and the environment in which he is immersed), learning (result of the interaction of the person with his worldsurrounding, which allows you, interact and make sense of the world around it) because it is through the symbolic function of language that can be observed the cognitive dimension. An example of this is one of the best known paragraphs of the work where a young child after having seen a wildlife documentary paints a boa eating an elephant, but the elderly do not see it in the same way and every timeThe child asks what is what is drawn on paper answers "is a hat". Why did all the elderly see that drawing as a hat and not like boa eating an elephant who is the original idea of the child?, This corresponds to the cognitive dimension because the elderly were immersed in a communicative intention different from that of the child, their knowledge was not the same and therefore it was not possible that that reflection that was faced with the drawing was related. Another example is also presented in chapter one where that young child, already turned into an adult, is a pilot of an aircraft that collapses in the desert, there this young man meets the little prince who asks him to please draw a lamb andAfter several attempts where his drawing was rejected, the young impatient drawing a box and told the little prince that there was the lamb just as he wanted it;Here is precisely the aforementioned symbolic function of language where the signifier and meaning interact as a primary resource for the culmination of action.
- Ethical dimension: It occurs when the individual wonders for the purpose of his actions. That is, when it presents before itself a definition of good and evil, clearly adjusting to the norms and rules of coexistence that arise, but not completely attached to them but having in the first stay their own convictions to be guided from there to be taken in the taking ofAutonomous decisions. The Little Prince presents several examples of this, on his journey through the different planets he presents before himself the idea of good and bad, as at the moment he asks if the lamb eat flowers and that if he could eat his rose,Which has thorns, the answer to his question is a yes and that these thorns could do a lot of damage if they eat, for that reason the rose was bad because it caused bad with its spines, but for the little prince, being the rose a roseBeing fragile and helpless, saw thorns as a protection mechanism and therefore its purpose was a good purpose, which was to protect and preserve the integrity of the rose.
- Spiritual/affective dimension: this takes care of the interaction and relationship that the individual has with himself and with the environment, thus manifesting feelings and emotions in order to become a social being but also in the thought of a superior being, agreat another (God) in search of finding his own purpose in the world and making sense of his own life. It is a fact that the human being is an emotional being and that his spiritual considerations are what mostly guide him to develop in society, from here many of the existing religions to others must be greatly detached that it is clear that when I do not knowPerforms this dimension of development completely, problems can occur at the psychological level that in one way or another would damage the balance in which healthy coexistence is possible in society. An example of this in the book is the part where the little prince expresses his love for the rose that accompanies him, in addition to the question of who would take care of my rose if I got to miss? Or when the planet comes where the king is, but he has no subjects to which to give orders and the idea of loneliness is raised there.
- Aesthetic dimension: It is the possibility that the individual has to interact with himself and with the environment from his own sensitivity allowing him to admire beauty and express it;It could be taken as the disposition of the human being to see beauty in each circumstance. In the Little Prince it is easy to notice it, because he is fascinated with the beauty of his rose, in addition to the stars and with each of the planets he visits, this ability to appreciate and express beauty never moves away from the young prince or fromHis gaze before the environment.
- Body dimension: It is based on the material presence of being, as it is present before the other and thus it is built its life project, appropriating its environment through sensory experiences that provide significantly to their lifestyle ingeneral. Acting from what body consciousness, balance and space management is. The book presents the journey of the young prince through seven planets where in each of them he learns something and recognizes himself in each of them, in the first he meets the king, although this same is king of nothing because he has no subjects to whom to give the orders; In the second he meets a vain man where he appreciates it from two looks, one of them from narcissism and the other from self-love where he clearly finds the differences of these two positions; In the third he meets a drinker where he observes the misfortune of excesses; In the room he meets a businessman and there he observes the difference between childhood and adulthood in addition to the desire for possession of the money this individual presents; In the fifth he meets the lantero who is despised by others because he is the only one who deals with different things and not only of himself; In the sixth he meets the geographer who observes the most ephemeral things and the small details of life because he does not focus on eternal things; On the seventh and last planet (the Earth) focuses on a conversation between the fox and the Little Prince, this conversation revolves around the links, the relationships we establish with other people who also have feelings, expectations, desires and ideas about their own ideas about The world where it is implied that the other is someone different from who we ourselves are and that what we call wasting time with the other person is what matters, what is not visible to the eyes. Hence, the goal and end of the little prince’s trip is to observe through his eyes as a child and his innocence real situations of which he can reflect.
- Socio-political dimension: It is the ability of the individual to live between and with others, so that it can be transformed and transform the environment in which it is immersed. This dimension is of great importance for the proper development of a society because it must start from a personal identity within the social group to which it belongs so that it progresses towards a social identity according to the corresponding ethical norms and principles. The latter belongs to the reflection that arises in the conversation between the fox and the little prince where he reflects on what the fact of living in a society means in a society and what it means itself and the other for the assertive development of the valuessocial.
To conclude we can determine the way in which language and linguistic processes positively affect human and social development in each of its dimensions. Also the fact that from the school must be potentiated these developments in order to contribute positively to the society of tomorrow and that it can rely on the previous knowledge and knowledge in order to general the educational process as it is due.