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Climate change in Latin America
We are going to deal with a topic which has taken much importance in recent times, which is important worldwide.
Climate change is a problem that affects everyone, and that if to continue like this, it could lead to the extinction of all species including human, today we are going to talk about problems, causes, and consequences of climate change. Why it occurs, in which it affects, why reasons occurs.
How does climate change influence the world? , But first what is climate change? Because climate change is the variation of climate that occurs globally, this can be given by nature itself, or by the actions of man, and occurs on all climatic factors such as changes in temperature, rainfall, etc. At different time levels, we will concentrate on climate change in Latin America, since it is the most biodiversity continent on the planet.
The greatest concentration of flora and fauna that is found on the planet, is in Latin America with 50% of it, but what most attracts attention is that a large number of species are endemic and unique to this place, since This has certain areas in which species can inhabit and that on other sides does not. This makes us the continent that is most affected by climate change.
Now we can explain some consequences that are given by climate change, as the concept says in a natural way, in other cases the influence of man.
I will begin by giving data on climate change on planet Earth,
If we continue in this way there will be changes in what is the sea level that will occur between 1% and 2% per year, it is more than enough so that over a few years we end without ecosystems, species that inhabit in Water. And those who live on the production of the coasts will also be affected with this since some species of fish will cease to exist for this reason.
There are species of amphibians, reptiles, birds, etc. Those that will be affected, some could be extinguished for this reason, since some depend on a temperature to be able to perform physiological processes, will be affected by the appearance of the removal fungus that parasite some amphibians, will also be affected by the types of climates, elevations, geographical changes, etc. The reptiles, which will be affected in populations with the result of the temperature changes that can be given, in this way they can become extinct
The birds since for reasons that there will be changes in the places where rain was forecast, their migration changes route to places that are not adapted some adapt and grow the spice and others die decreasing the species, mostly they usually die.
It will affect the rural economy in a very large way since some products will already give us, and others will not have the same quality due to the consequences of climate change, not only will affect rural society, but also the one that lives in the city since there will be food of which they cannot be available, and in a way they will have a higher cost.
Well in conclusion it is determined that climate change would be the greatest responsible for the loss of the world’s bilogical resources. Our continent would be more affected by its high number of fauna and flora.
Birds have always been a reason for investigations when it comes to the weather. The largest number of birds is between Latin America and the Caribbean, in which a large number of bird species find.There is a case of mountain birds, which can be completely eliminated from the planet since they are sedentary birds, and very few migrate, they tell us that due to the effect of climate change the limit to which they can adapt is reduced.
There is a case of mountain birds, which can be completely eliminated from the planet since they are sedentary birds, and very few migrate, they tell us that due to the effect of climate change the limit to which they can adapt is reduced.
This is only a case of those that can occur with birds, in a certain way several types of birds can be extinguished, of different geographical locations, for climate change due to the elevation of seas, due to the change in temperature, elevation, etc.
There are two types of factors that are important in the conservation and loss of biodiversity, among these are the direct and indirect factors, the direct factors that directly influence the loss of the biodiversity of the world, among them are the changes. On the ground, climate change, overexploitation, pollution and many more. And the factors that indirectly influence those caused by human society, for an example the garbage that does not gather the smoke of the cars, a fire caused.
One of the reasons why the climatic cabio is given is caused by habitat, for natural reasons such as a fire, a flood and for the intervention of man, also called anthropic (everything that has to do with the human being), Which occupies the terrain, logging trees, uses defined places to turn them into a home for societies, roads, ending with habitats and a number of species, also harming flora, fauna and climate, what I try to say is that in That place there were some animals and plants that only existed in that place and because of the misuse of man they have lost forever.
It greatly influences what is the loss of biodiversity the introduction of species, this is a very large problem, since it affects both the species and the ecosystem that is transferred, we can say that sometimes it is not only the human, but the introduction of a species could also be given naturally, the problem is large since the law is insufficient and it has not been possible to avoid these cases, it also gives what is the trafficking of species for its commercialization that It has been and is a problem to this day since the species are very desired by some unscrupulous people.What most helped to lose the biodiversity of the planet is the pollution caused by man.
The pollution is given by the entry of agents such as the physical, chemical and biological, which cause damage to the environment that are harmful to the beings that inhabit there, animal plants, including the human being. This affects the environment, especially pesticides, polluting gases, etc. Those who cause climate change on the planet.
Biodiversity is important for the planet in every way, as a home, for the economy, for society, and for itself. We need her and her soil to settle, we need her to have economics since we produce our food, from it the oil that is a very marketed object in the world, it is also possible to emphasize that without it there would be no food and In economically many countries, cities, societies that lived from the production, export or import of food, and that is only an example since without it the economy would not exist in itself since all the materials, economic and production means we obtain them of the planet.
For society when we talk about society, we must recognize that it is biodiversity, that we are all biodiversity, we try to see beyond intrinsic value and see everything on the moral side, in that way it influences the social. And for herself, well in my opinion this tries to say that everything in nature exists for something, and everything fulfills a function in it, so if a fundamental piece would be missing in it, it would start working badly. It also refers to the way in which biodiversity influences culture, and explains that it is all that refers to the knowledge of a certain ecosystem, what happened, the changes it suffered, the teachings obtained from it, enrichment spiritual, etc.
- This term popular enrichment caught my attention and discovered how the following are all the knowledge, values and data obtained on the ecosystem.
- The human being has taken letters in the matter, and decreed a series of norms for the trafficking of climate change, and what has been seen that is a world theme.
- National Climate Change Strategy
- The budget is not defined for this activity, the necessary will be used.
- It establishes as a strategic sector of its policies to the conservation of resources that are not renewable, biodiversity, and genetic heritage and water resources.
In the countries of Latin America, an initiative has already been taken against climate change, laws and norms that occur in a national and regional manner have been established, they work on the care and preservation of biodiversity, protected areas, water resource, water resource, There are many rules and plans that have been established so I will give an example in this regard.
- Forest and conservation law of natural areas, and of wildlife Law No. 74
- An approximate cost of the activities associated in this law: it goes between 19.$ 861
Promotes the conservation of ANP (protected natural areas) for their protective value, their fauna and flora and for their attribution by maintaining environmental balance.
Well, as we can see in the example there are several plans that have been taken, not only in the country, this is throughout the region with the different norms, plans or laws that have been established for the treatment of climate change, although not all of them achieve Having the desired initiative, and also gives much to think if the cost that has been given for this measure is enough.
Now I wonder, what is a protected area? And why is it so important?
Well, a protected area is a place on earth or in the sea which, due to its characteristics, qualities, fauna and flora, are unique to the planet, and its importance occurs since they are necessary for biodiversity, also for natural resources and cultural that are managed through laws. In order to guarantee these spaces for the conservation of the natural wealth of the planet, not only that plays a very important role against climate change and for that reason they are of great importance.
An example of what the protected areas do is the capture of CO2 and its reduction in the earth’s atmosphere, the provision of habitats for several species of plants and animals, etc. And are fundamental for the advance and evolution of species and ecosystems. A curious fact is that only in Latin America there are about 1.958 protected areas throughout the region.
In recent years, the importance of an ecosystem has been announced since this helps the impact of climate change not affect very strongly, it is also essential since it produces water, materials necessary for the human being and the species that inhabit it can survive. For reasons like this, strategies for the conservation of an ecosystem have been given some are based on the conservation, restoration and correct management of the ecosystem, they explain that it is a biological corridor, he says that it is a connector between natural areas which are very important For the extension, creation and modification of AP (protected areas), they are necessary for the biodiversity of the area to be maintained, they can be divided into 3 types of corridors, the ecological, the biological and the conservation of the flow of species that are They give them, not only of species, but of everything like plants, land, etc. They connect with the runners, it gives us an interesting fact that says until 2004 approximately 82 runners have been found.
An example of runners, is that 19 transnational runners have been detected in 2010, these help mitigation and conservation of biodiversity, the 19 runners cover between 790 million hectares.
The costs in Latin America for the care of biodiversity and also speaks to us in the way that money is used and how the conservation of ANP is based on reforestation, water care and species is approximate of the money Used in a large number of Latin American countries, the sum reaches 1.400 million dollars used in reforestation, water and species care. This is in collaboration of some countries in South America such as Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, etc.
There have been several projects that have been given for the conservation of the environment and the fight against climate change, there is an approximate value to what is established for the conservation of biodiversity is 150 million dollars, an example of the investment It is the one that has occurred in Central America and the Caribbean the money used for study through environmental impact technology and in this way know what to expect.
Another case that caught my attention is the conservation of Andean ecosystems, an approach to the figure has been determined and there are 16 million dollars of funds that have been used for a program which helps to become aware of the use of nature, the Climate change, conservation of our single, animals, etc. And also within the program is included where vulnerable species are found and how to establish care towards them.
Biodiversity care and climate change treatment have been taken between 78 measures for biodiversity, this has been a topic very discussed by countries, which have tried to ensure conservation, reforestation, species care, soil care, etc. Through measures and conscientious generation through the programs and norms carried out, worrying deforestation which has not disappeared, the pollution that occurs every day, this only as an example. It tells us that the only conservation methods are not the care and connection of ecosystems, it does not also talk about ecosystem restoration, which is very important since they would not only affect environmentally, which is very important, but also affect us Economically, since many advantages would be obtained, this is being taken into account in Latin American countries.
In conclusion, for the care of biodiversity, several laws, norms, prevention programs, sanctions, etc. have been created. For struggles against climate change, in itself it does not depend only on what is dictated in the laws, but on something ethical, moral by each person since it tells us that, despite so many laws that have been established for the conservation of Biodiversity, continuing cases that threaten her and are not few cases, are several related to the subject.
While the human being does not put on his part for the care, treatment and conservation of species of anything, that more rules are established, what is dictated and the punishment for missing them is minimal.
More than all, I think it does not depend on the punishment so much in itself, we must generate awareness that if biodiversity ends, we are the same. Since human beings depend on it. And for that reason several norms for their care have been established, the countries have taken their role in the case, and the region equal the only problem is human beings, which see ourselves as the center of everything, but we are only part of the world, and we depend on him to continue existing and if we continue to give so little importance we will end up not sun.
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