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Classic realism in Ukraine, Russia and Crimea
To begin to study the relationship between classical realism and trusted conflicts from the annexation of Crimea to Russia it is importantIt had Russian support, the State of Ukraine expressed its national interest contrary to Russian national interest, because while the first sought to follow European guidelines and consolidate as a modern state the second intended to expand its power in the region without losing control ofThe old areas where historically has had influence.
At the time Russia is annexed by Crimea, referring to the representation of the interests of the majority population of Russian origin -58.3% of the population- control was also proposed over maritime areas around the region- noof Kerch, which allows communication between the continental part of Russia and the Peninsula. However, on November 25 of the same year, the arrest of three ships from the Ukrainian Navy by the Russian Armed Forces took place by considering that they were violating the established sea borders (El País, 2018).
From the resurgence of the conflict, both states have chosen to increase the presence of their military personnel in the area in order to fight for their domain and prevalence on the control of maritime areas of the Black Sea and the Azov Sea (ABC, 2018). Therefore, the constant struggle of power is evident between states in order to impose their power and control for the respect of the borders and sovereignty of their respective territories.
Additionally, taking into account not only the conflictive relationship due to the control of maritime areas are also the regions east of Ukraine, Lugansk and Donetsk, where from the 2014 protests a counterrevolution was carried out by prorruse separatist groupsTo express its disagreement with the European policies that Ukraine has tried to implement. An important aspect to take into account is the identification of these areas with the Russian identity, since more than 70% of its population has the Russian Mother Language. Therefore, in this section, the concept of Morgenthau’s power based on the domain of the minds and hearts of men can be evidenceThe policies of another state -ucrania- (Requena, 2014).
Likewise, referring again to the struggle of power between Ukraine and Russia, the interest game is understood in the region, since, as stated, Adolfo Laborde “Crimea is a port that not only gives Russia’s exit to the Black Sea to Russia,but a political and economic control of the region and allows you to have a presence in the Middle East "so it gives Russia the real possibility of being pending and present in the political development of its enemies in the area, since when putting its basesMilitary in the port of Sebastopol, has maritime access close to countries such as Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria who are NATO members (El País, 2018a).
In that sense, the total capacity for dominance and spread of Russian national interest is evident, because as Putin ‘in our hearts expressed, we know that Crimea has always been a inalienable part of Russia ‘(BBC, 2018). Therefore, through the annexation of this, it managed to expand and impose itself in the region.
On the other hand, the introduction of the concept of balance of power in this problem also fitThis cannot expand its coercive power over the states that were part of the former Soviet Union. However, Russia intends to continue imposing order in the region from the cut of energy supplies to Ukraine to avoid the consolidation of its union with Europe (Salmon and Rosales, 20214).
Additionally, due to what happened in November 2018 with the Ukrainian fleets some experts have inquired about Russia’s interest in capturing ships, so in this regard they agree that the main reason responds to Russia’s intention to obtain a negotiation advantageTo persuade Ukraine about reprisals taken against separatist groups in the regions of eastern Ukraine, in order to ensure that the Government grants them the concessions corresponding to their struggle (foreign policy studies, 2014).
For this reason, seeking to protect and impose control over the Petró Poroshenko region, he decided. Crimea, DonBass, and the whole country. Like a tsar, its empire cannot work without Ukraine. He sees us as a colony ’(El País, 2018).
That is, within the framework of the dispute between Ukraine and Russia, Russia’s intention to dispose of the different media at its disposal is evidenced to prevent the effective approach between Ukraine and Europe, so he recognizes that, if carried out, it isThe increase in regional threats for Russia. In that sense Kuznestov also acknowledged that ‘the relationship of forces is very disparate. Russia surpasses Ukraine in all indicators of military power and will not be the one who begins the actions, because he is trying to show self-control. Ukraine would not dare either, because he would take her to disaster ’(Armijo, 2016).
Finally, in the development and study of the actions of the states through the historical analysis of the conflict, the presence of the fundamental elements of classical realism could be evidenced, since, first, the conflictive nature of the states in the international system was recognized, second, the fundamental actors in the international political arena are the states, third, the struggle for power to obtain security and thus survive, prevail and master the anarchy that governs the system, fourth, the national interest, the national interest is constantly evidenceAnd the balance of power made presence in each of the decisions rationally made by the states, and fifth, the existence of powers with greater power was recognized, so that diplomacy was constantly referred to to give rise to the balance of powers of powers.
For this reason, the work fulfilled the purpose of providing an adequate analysis of a conjunctural case of international politics in the light of the theory. In that sense, works similar to this study allow us to understand the structural and native causes of conflicts in international political arena, which will grant future heads of state greater tools to carry out suitable analyzes on the policies they intend to implement to giveprevalence to the achievement of their respective national interests.