Children And Childhood: Effects Of Unombrament

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Children and Childhood: Effects of Unombrament

The appearance of children and childhood as linguistic categories that refers to a certain age group is relatively recent, it is in the seventeenth century when a genuine discovery of childhood is made. Before this, the children were the subject of countless vexations and, therefore, the emergence of these linguistic categories had among their functions, to recognize the child, in the first place, as a subject and secondly, as a subjectwho should be assured of minimum protection. This text identifies some of the different situations of which children were subject to negligence, aggression and contempt and as from the phenomenon of naming “miniature adults” as children, a direct struggle is undertaken against these situations that violated them.            

The childhood category is a socio-historical elaboration, configured from the ways in which the subjects have been related to each other.  Partly, the history of childhood has been rebuilt, this shows that, although we are currently witnessing different attacks against the dignity and life of children, if those situations are compared to those that took place before the recognition ofChildhood, these would exceed both the frequency in which they occurred and the reach of attacks.           

 In turn, it could be said that the child has had a "hidden presence" in history, words of Salinas Meza that continues to say that "what greatly hinders the historian’s task when he wants to identify his footprints, since they almost always confuse themselveswith those of adult life ".

In the history rebuilt so far, it was recorded that between the IX and XIII centuries the death indices of newborn children were high, died by infanticide, the children were stopped feeding, the parents suffocated by throwing themselves on them in bedBecause it was usual for them to sleep with them and although it was considered a sin by the Church, it was not convicted as a crime. In other cases, children were offered to get nuptials, in the case of girls the minimum age was 12 and in 14 -year -old boys. Also, they could be sold as slaves or as substitutes for dead children of a wealthy family, or parenting was responsible for a nurse who disconnected them from the family during the first years, although the child returned to the family, after the eight yearsHe was in charge of the nurse again to learn a trade. Children were given to parents and monasteries, served as military or simply abandoned them.

In addition to this, in the seventeenth century there was a kind of taboo to the affection that felt for a child, this based on the mortality rate of both the mother and the child, the parents intended to eliminate the possibility of establishing emotional tiesand even that the child managed to acquire an individuality, a place and recognition of the rights of rights. In the Middle Ages, it was common for two brothers to be assigned the same name in case of one died under some circumstance, hence it was cumbersome emotionally with a child who would die and even made it difficult to think of the child as an adult adult, being preferable to use unevenness, rejection and remoteness until some indication was had.

Now, the word as an effect of an appointment implies attributing a power of transformation, it is to accept that using the floor, the reality of a subject can intervene. This is evidence. This was one of the factors that joined certain social, political, economic and scientific phenomena for the recognition of childhood and the child, granting a linguistic category that made support and rescue before the aforementioned vexars. Among the converged phenomena it can be mentioned that society begins to look at that phase of life by assigning them a privileged and leading place both in the family and in society. 

This is the case of the Industrial Revolution, which begins to think of children with future, as subjects with work and production potential, which feels a precedent in terms of the prognosis of life of the same. Likewise, the place of teaching is important as a method for states to ensure a prosperous socio-economic future. Medicine played an important role with its scientific developments when worrying about the prevention of infectious and contagious diseases, which somehow implied a concern to ensure the duration of children’s life.

As you can see, the life of the children begins to value, it no longer does not matter if they died in one way or another. Society began to explore all its fields of knowledge to sustain the life of that beings, childhood in coherence with this moment in history, beyond being “rescued, was named, invested, recognized, even hierarchical and even idealized”. 

In short, the progressive social changes with their respective spokesmen, were put into play in the recognition of childhood and childHe taught the lessons, created the Save the Children Foundation in 1919, thus laying the precedent so that his child’s rights letter called the Geneva Declaration, became what we know today as fundamental rights of children, rights that are violatedToday, it would be a crime. Centuries were needed to move the children and childhood of the place of reification and silence, today they are recognized and protected, even so, the maintenance of the premises of the Geneva Declaration is a continuous work and that the recognition of the story, allow us to move forward with this purpose.

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