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Characteristic of character in ancient Rome
Obedience to authority was the main characteristic of the Romans. Education was based on respect for Pater Families, who could have the life and goods of all family members. In the city, respect for the will of the magistrates or who had civil powers focused. The submission to discipline gave political cohesion to the Romans, allowing them to constitution a vast empire and triumph over powerful enemies.
It was the father who instilled in the children the love of the country and pride in the status of Roman citizen. It is true that the Roman woman was not free. It belonged to the father, who chose a husband, and the husband went on to have dominion over her. When a girl was born, the father could not be satisfied, leaving her at the door of the house and letting any passenger adopt her, if he wanted it.
If nobody was committed, the girl died in abandonment. The Romans knew, despite the fact that all these defects, dignify women more than any people in ancient times. The woman was the one who directed the domestic life next to the husband, guiding the activities of the home, the meals, and even participating in the civil ceremonies, seeing the games and attending the courts.
Although the customs were rigid and less affable than those of the Greeks, the Romans had the concern to cultivate certain qualities, which dignified them. Among them gravitas or dignity. This dignity had a somewhat different meaning from what it has today. Gravitas meant not only character, honor, but also the association of intelligence to the heart.
Other appreciated qualities were loyalty, the firmitas;Virtue, meaning of virile energy, courage;the constancy, firmness of character;clemency, indulgence, in the sense of renunciation of his rights;the frugalitas, simplicity, frugality in eating and dressing;the Siberita, the severity for oneself;And the piece, respect for the gods. In women, the quality they appreciated most was austerity.
The best praise that could be given to a mother’s midwife was writing in her grave: she stayed at home and wove … the Romans kept these values during the first centuries of the Republic, which helped them in the unification of Italy andin the domain of almost everyone until then known. Every citizen was a farmer or a soldier;This is why its historical importance is due to Rome.
In conclusion, the Romans respected, until the end of the Empire, those values although in the ideal form because, with the conquest of Greece and with contacts with the eastern Hellenistic world, primitive sobriety yielded to luxury and immorality. However, there was respect for traditional values, especially gravites, pietas and virtue, which maintained the political unity.
It was those links that allowed the union between a past with a rigid family education and the assimilation of new worlds. The Romans of the first centuries cultivated the humanist, the best inheritance of their civilization. The humanist was respect for the human person, respect for others and for his freedom.