Central American Identity

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Central American identity


In Central America we find a large diversity of cultures, each country even has its own way of identifying and feeling, but the story belonging to Central America basically originates or rather begins its starting point upon the arrival of the Spaniards, you cannotfrom here with a single culture identity before the arrival of the Spaniards.

 At the time of having a contact, Europeans with this part begin to give the area of MesoamericNicoya in Costa Rica. However, the arrival of the Spaniards manages to create an image trend of unification of indigenous peoples and in the same way it manages to hide the diversity of the people who conquers, creating in themselves two great homogeneous blocks in appearance, completely antagonistic.

 But for the formation of identities there has. But it will be important to consider the following question, does the Central American region have elements that allow identifying it as a particular area? 

Now in a general way we could speak that Central America implies an identity element, not only in a geographical way, but also of the social and cultural part. Central America because it could be taken as a bridge that in a geographical way unites South America and North America and in the same way it will separate the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic.


If we turn the roulette next to people, we could determine that there are different ways to differentiate ourselves from others, especially because human beings are in constant processes of creation, construction and decoding of symbols and concepts. Although two probabilities are given between social and cultural identity. 

The German philosopher and sociologist, Jürgen Habermas said “people are not only invested with a numerical identity, such as things, but also, of a qualitative identity that is formed, maintained and manifested in and by the processes of interaction and communicationSocial". What could force us to generate a review of the history of Central America.

To talk about Central American history, we would have to start in the establishment of the Federal Republic of Central America that was promoted in 1824 that managed to dissolve in the 1840s, but which cost him a hundred years to be able to form an organization of Central American states, which thatPaso could have been taken in a symbolic way as a unit, of which it could be an indicator to create the Central American Common Market that managed to give the door open to interregional trade. But from the perspective of the theory of symbolic interactionism, the role that empathy plays this through social relations could then be analyzed in society.

When we talked about empathy was to refer to the ability we have to put in the place of the other which would help contribute to the construction of identity through a link establishment. Now, in the 1980s there were many initiatives in which the countries of the region were found in the need to dissolve the different powers of powers within countries such as Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua.

 Through the stipules I and II agreements that was signed in the year of 1986 and 1987, creating a peaceful climate between the region and thus managed to contribute to the consolidation of a Central American identity that is still under construction through the different linksalready established. But to give it a more practical way of understanding it we will have to define the term link which leads us to the relationship that occurs in a material or non -material way between two or more parts. 

Now leaving aside this issue we will go to Central America as such has managed to have a way to reinvent itself which gave life to the Central American Integration System. In which it gives a new perspective of addressing issues not only of the economic but also of social, ecological style around climate change etc. Although there are still many anomalies within their actions.

Now returning to the theme of identity as such presents an obstacle in the integration of realities such as Nicaragua, Panama and Costa Rica where indigenous peoples are a minorAcceptance of the other, but identity is more than a perspective of homogeneity, since this depends more on cultural memory and social class. But the cultural identity of a society is integrated beyond the sum of artistic expressions, religious beliefs and customs which tells us that cultural identity is alive.

However, national identity is defined from the relations of the other dominant social actors with this subject. As for nationality, it is the recovery of memory in all its components, nationality has been forming by the past, vernacular myths and creations and common aspirations and aspirations. Conquest and foundation of cities, and language and religion, until you reach the mestizo. There is no talk of the Quiché, the Cachiquel and the Spanish as of a foreigner, but of our ancestors.


Now in a way of conclusion, nationality has historically existed as an affective identity link with a social conglomerate, known as natural link, this population presents common characteristics originated by a common life that has generated identical social interests, calling it bythis as the historical entity called "Nation".

A second moment of nationality, is when it becomes a legal institution, in which the natural link (language, religion, race) is no longer enough, but the territory is added, where the State exercises political and legal jurisdiction. In the de facto component is that the awareness of nationality arises, which in turn arises from the nation, which can be said is the act of valuation of the form of territoriality as a good, which could be called people, as a unitwhich requires instituting nationality to identify other nationals that belong to other states.

Although identities are imaginary constructions product of art, literature and folklore at other times;Today they are contextualized in other textual and iconographic scenarios supported by electronic media and social networks that diverts the identity position of Central America.  

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