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Censorship in the culture of Spain
According to article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in which all the countries of the world should be theoretically, every individual has the right to freedom of opinion and expression;This right includes not being disturbed because of his opinions, investigating and receiving information and opinions, and that of disseminating them, without border limitation, by any means of expression. In addition, here in Spain specifically, to strengthen these freedoms there is article 20 of the Spanish Constitution, it is which recognizes and protects the rights to freely express and disseminate thoughts, ideas and opinions through the word, writing or any other means of reproduction, literary, artistic, scientific and technical creation, freedom of chair and freely communicate or receive truthful information by any means of dissemination.
But do we really have full freedom to express our ideals and opinions? To write songs and books expressing ideas and opinions freely? To be able to sing a revolution song in the Madrid City Council square?
The answer is no. Since although we should have those rights, and we are supposed to have them, news of new censorships are known daily both in the social and political sphere, in addition to much supports. Censorship is something that has always existed, and all countries exercise certain restrictions on their citizens, in some cases more restrictive, and in others less.
Censorship, according to the Spanish Language Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, is the ‘intervention that the censor practices in the content or in the form of a work, attending to ideological, moral or political reasons’.In a broad sense, it is considered as suppression of communication material that can be considered offensive, harmful, inconvenient or unnecessary for the government or the media, as determined by a censor.
Censorship has been a very used practice throughout all time, a practice that has been practicing from antiquity, to the present. No one knows exactly what the origin of this is, but it was reinforced with the arrival of the printing press, paper publications distributed throughout all cities, loaded with ideas and opinions, which were cannon meat for the leaders of the censorship teams of the censorship of the censorship of thegovernment.
The reasons for censorship can be often justified by morals, politics, religion … among others, and that is why different types of censures are considered. In any case, each country follows its restriction and censorship standards, so there is more flexibility in some than in others.
Legal systems sometimes recognize certain limits to freedom of expression, particularly when freedom of expression comes into conflict with other rights and freedoms, such as in cases of defamation, slander, pornography, obscenity, fighting words and intellectual property. The justifications of the limitations to freedom of expression often refer to the ‘principle of damage’ or the ‘crime principle’. Limitations to freedom of expression can occur through legal sanctions or social disapproval, or both. Certain public institutions can also promulgate policies that restrict freedom of expression, for example, voice codes in state schools.
Today, the largest means of information worldwide is the Internet, and that is why most of censures and surveillances are executed by governments through these and some countries reach the point of prohibiting the internet and allCommunication with the outside throughout the territory. In this way, the government ensures .
The countries that exercise greater degree of censorship are China, Iran, the Arab Emirates, Egypt and Vietnam, among others.
The concept of freedom of information arose in response to censorship, monitoring and surveillance sponsored by the Internet state. Internet censorship includes control or suppression of publication or access to information on the Internet.The global internet freedom consortium claims to eliminate blockages to ‘free flow of information’ for what they call ‘closed societies’. According to the ‘enemy list of the Internet’ of reporters without borders (RWB), the following states participate in a generalized censorship on the Internet: China, Cuba, Iran, Myanmar / Burma, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan andVietnam
Censorship in Spain
The origin of the censorship of Spain is at the entrance of the printing press. Since then until the nineteenth century there are five institutions that are responsible for ensuring the moral security of our ancestors, not only in native literature but also in the translated.
The clearest censorship in Spain country was the Francoist. From its beginnings in the middle of the Civil War (First Press Law of 1938) until the end of the Government of Franco (1975) crossed clear phases in which it was influenced by political, economic, international relations, etc.
Can personal data protection be used, something so necessary in this digital era, as a way to limit freedom of expression? The balance between both rights is complex. On the one hand, it seems clear that we need norms that protect us from the massive extraction of our personal data on the network;on the other, some of the last precepts, although well -intentioned, open the door to questionable behaviors.
Since he began to speak of the right to oblivion – or the suppression of search engines in relation to the protection of personal data and the right to honor, privacy and the image itself – the controversy immediately emerged: can such a right toleave inaccessible documents and contents at any request?
It is not necessary to go back long to glimpse the potential dimension of the matter. The new Organic Law on Data Protection (LOPD), approved a few months ago, extended in some way the right of rectification, which can now be exercised against anyone who has a profile on social networks (on this subject we will talk below);and also extended its reach also referring to rectifications on honor and intimacy on the Internet, regardless of its truthfulness.
Your voice tells. You have the right to say what you think, to share information and claim a better world. You also have the right to be in accordance with those who exercise power and express your opinions about it in peaceful protest acts.
From a personal point of view, I think that freedom of expression is something that cannot be removed from any person, no longer because of the always fact that it is written in the Declaration of Human Rights, but is a way of making seeYour ideas is part of your identity, to protest against what we do not like, raise our voice at difficult times, to be able to transfer a critical thinking against everything we believe can be improved or should be better. Without freedom of expression, we would simply swallow with what we have, settle for the situation that impose us and try to pull the car, a car full of useless stones, which would not cost anything to throw them out of the car.
You want or not, in a state in which the inhabitants of freedom of expression are deprived, or certain critical thoughts are simply censored to the rule of law, the government … it is still a dictatorship. The content of the press, internet and television media, everything is previously controlled and authorized for publication, or fell"Politically incorrect" for society, for its society.
A phrase that I would like to emphasize is "you have the right to freely express everything that is allowed to say" by Roger Wolfe. A good phrase to summarize what happens in almost all countries of the world. We have an alleged freedom of expression, full freedom may seem initially, but in the end all freedom has a limit, which is limited and allowed by the State. So that