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Causes of corruption in Peru
Treisman (2000) In a study where it analyzes the various corruption indices find support for 6 causes of corruption of countries with Protestant traditions of British origin with more developed economies and greater imports were less corrupt. Federal states regimes were more corrupt while the current level of democracy was not significant a long period of democracy predicts a lower level of corruption.
- Law (1970) states "one of the causes of corruption is that the police and judges are not very efficient and often responsible for corruption spotlights" (P.6).
- The 1997 Ward Development Report presented the evidence that in 59 countries the lack of predictability of the judicial system was the cause of the increase in corruption levels.
- Mauro (1995) explains that the possible causes of corruption are due to the expansion of government intervention in the economy. In addition, corruption is related to certain variables determined by government policy (P.5).
- The possible causes that Mauro exposes in his work are: the restrictions of trade, mainly in terms of imports, since the existence of tariff taxes or the prohibition of import entry increases the possibility of corrupting customs officers.
- Ades and Di Tella (1994), support this by finding a greater economic openness decreases corruption.
The following causes are also manifested:
The absence of values in society, which explains the interested clarity to determine the right and wrong in the exercise of public function. The political distribution of power in public administration in a concentrated, discretionary and without transparent exercise of it. The innumerable supreme secret decrees issued by the government of former President Fujimori can be cited as an illustration, through which funds from the Ministries of Defense and Interior to the National Intelligence Service were transferred. Precisely, much of these funds served to bribe multiple public officials (transfugas congressmen, judicial and fiscal and military official magistrates) and businessmen (publicists and media owners) to keep them attached to the regime on duty, abdicating their essential dutiesof independence in the exercise of their functions.
The situation of an underdeveloped society that faces a period of growth and modernization. This is the situation that Peru currently crosses, so much attention should be maintained and not relaxing control systems on public spending. Social and political factors of historical roots (essentially from the Viceroy.