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Causes and symptoms of autistic spectrum disorder
In this essay, the issue of autism will be announced, its causes, symptoms, treatments, as well as diagnoses will be announced, since that can serve us, since it helps us to know a person and how to act orTreat it, and not because it suffers from this syndrome we must do so, get away from it, or be afraid, because it is important to never exclude or point it if in any future we have it close.
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurobiological disorder of development that already manifests during the first three years of life and will last throughout the entire life cycle.
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and development condition that begins in childhood and lasts a lifetime. It affects how a person behaves, interacts with others, communicates and learns. This disorder includes what was known as Asperger’s syndrome and generalized development disorder.
It is called ‘spectrum disorder’ because different people with ASD can have a wide variety of different symptoms. These may have trouble talking to you and you may not look into your eyes when you speak to them. In addition, they can have limited interests and repetitive behaviors. They may spend a lot of time ordering things or repeating a phrase over and over again. They seem to be in their ‘own world’.
It is not a disease, it is simply a disorder that has no cure, but with treatments and therapies the autistic can improve the social relationship. An autistic child can be diagnosed before 3 years of age. Most of them also have mental retardation, some suffer from epilepsies. It is estimated that 1 to 2 children of every thousand have autism. The autistic person gives in most boys that girls, their aspects of serious development are imaginative capacity, behavior, communication and social interaction.
The fundamental symptoms of autism are:
- Persistent deficiencies in communication and social interaction.
- Restrictive and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities.
The common symptoms that are social interaction: the autistic child has trouble adapting to his surroundings, he does not like to live with other people and usually always wants to be inside his home, he has difficulty looking at the person and understandingThe looks in order to know the facial expressions, gestures, difference in the tone of voice, etc. Autistic children are not always interested in other children of their age and when they do it difficult for them to meet and make friends.
People with autism represent a delayed language, some children only mention Holo phrases, others and usually repeat phrases or what they have said depends on the situation;The difficult thing about them is that it has problems for initial dialogue and present deficiencies regarding language understanding.
Children with autism present a record of limits behavior, interests and activities, a clear example of this is when an autistic child likes an object or a particular topic is uncontrollable and repeats the process as routines because they are always going to do thingsOf routine, because what you teach them will apply it every day, another example is when you teach them to accommodate some toys always and every time they see the toys will want to accommodate them as they learned and if at the time another person does not accommodate them so,They usually get angry and cause fury or despair, it is also common in children who shake their hands, they swing with the body and walk on tiptoe.
Autistic children are difficult for them to live with children, for example in school that they always wantautistic child and force it can take risks because autistic children are not controlled.
Scientific evidence suggests that in most cases autism is an inheritable disorder. In fact, it is one of the neurological disorders with greater genetic influence that exist. It is as inheritable as personality or intellectual quotient.
All patients are focused on the patiation of symptoms and improved patient’s quality of life.
Autism constitutes a functional limitation that persists throughout life. An essential requirement in the case of children is a specially adapted schooling both in the preschool and school stage, and in the case of adults, they have adapted housing and daily occupation. There are some therapies to help the autistic:
- Educational behavioral interventions: Therapy consists of a series of sessions whose objective is the obtaining of intensive and high structuring abilities, aimed at the people to develop their social and language skills.
- Emotional and psychic interventions: its objective is the acquisition and development of emotional skills, of expression and recognition of feelings, the development of empathy, etc.
- Medications: There is no specific medication, so palliative therapy of the symptomatology developed by the autistic person is always used.
This disorder includes or that was known as Asperger’s syndrome and generalized development disorder.
With this essay we announced about autism, let’s never say that it is a disease why it is not, it is important to have known this issue because apart from that it is interesting we must take our precautions with an autistic child and not be afraid of him,but how we interact with him, how we interact so that it is easier for us to get used to his routines.