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Caliadad’s relationship between osteoporosis and sport
As many of us already know, having a good state of health is one of the great concerns of the general population. To do this, the role that physical activity plays is basic for this state of health to remain stable for a longer possible time. At the same time this physical activity will be key when treating certain pathologies, such as osteoporosis today.
In today’s article, we will know what osteoporosis consists of and how we can address it from the field of physical activity and sport. Let’s go for it.
What is osteoporosis?
In general features, we can define osteoporosis as the disease that decreases all the tissue that is part of the bone. Its main characteristic is that who suffers it, suffers the decrease in bone mass, causing a deterioration of all bone tissue. This ends that our bones are weaker and have a greater possibility of breaking than those of someone who does not suffer osteoporosis. This weakness can even produce any type of bone breakage, in an area as important to mobility as hip, or even the spine.
Physical activity such as osteoporosis prevention
As in many other pathologies, physical activity can help us better this disease. In the case of osteoporosis, sport, and physical exercise itself, it can play a fundamental role as an bone tissue stimulator, something that can worsen with physical inactivity.
What does science say about it?
An important Sayegh study makes a comparison of bone density, differentiating between three population groups. On the one hand sedentary people, by another athlete and on the other a group that performs maintenance gymnastics. In all the tests carried out in this study, the bone density of the athletes is much greater than that of the other two groups. At the same time, density is slightly higher in the maintenance group with respect to that of the sedentary population.
Therefore, this study concludes that physical activity plays a fundamental role when having greater bone density, which can help us prevent certain pathologies such as osteoporosis today.
What advantages does physical exercise have in people with osteoporosis?
At the elderly of the preventive role that physical activity has in patients with this pathology, it is necessary to name a series of advantages that entails the practice of healthy physical activity in patients with osteoporosis:
- Increase in muscle mass levels, through strength work
- Prevents and maintains risk factors
- Improvement of postural hygiene and increased balance
- OSÉA MASS DESCENT OR LOSS
- Improvement of our cardiovascular capacity levels
- Increase in our day -to -day functionality
Finally and not less importantly, our quality of life improves substantially.
Are there inconveniences?
The main risk that sports or physical exercise can carry in people with osteoporosis, is that, if they do not receive good control from a professional, a high intensity of physical practice can lead to bone fractures. So again, we insist on the importance of the role played by professionals in physical activity and sport when controlling the physical program in different population groups.
What type of physical exercise do I do if I have osteoporosis?
In previous paragraphs, we talk about the importance of physical activity and sport as a preventive factor in osteoporosis. There are other preventive factors that we must take care of at the same time that we do it with our physical health. These would be to maintain a balanced diete, giving special importance to factors such as calcium or vitamin C. At the same time it would be important to be careful with sun exposure, and carry out medical controls regularly.
But if we talk about physical exercise we must take into account the following tips:
Preventive role of physical activity at an early age: if physical exercise increases at an early age, bone mineralization will do so, fundamental in osteoporosis.
Agility and balance work
Sports practice that involve impact as a result of gravity. Activities such as swimming are not the most effective in improving this pathology since they do not require any impact.
Strength training can become fundamental, since it will favor the increase in muscle mass. Eccentric training is considered the best method for patients with osteoporosis.
As we have observed, physical activity plays a fundamental role, both at the time of prevention and the treatment of a disease as common as osteoporosis. For this, the selection by a professional in sports sciences, of admissible and adequate tasks for each individual will be fundamental, depending on their limitations. It is never too late to prevent this disease, so what are you waiting for to start?