Buddhism And How To Reach Nirvana

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Buddhism and how to reach Nirvana

What is Nirvana and how it is achieved?

The Nirvana describes someone who is in a state of fullness and inner peace, without being affected by external influences. It is the state of liberation achieved by the human being, when the person manages to escape from suffering and annihilates certain negative aspects of one’s personality, because the person manages to free themselves from torments, such as pride, hatred, envy and selfishness, which, whichThey are feelings that afflict the human being and prevent him from living in peace.

Nirvana means "extinguish" or "turn off", referring to extinguishing all desire and that the person becomes another state, to explain it better I will give an example: think of a burning candle and then goes out. The energy of the candle is not destroyed, but becomes another type of energy, based on the principle of conservation of energy that indicates that "energy is not created or destroyed, but is transformed". This is an illustration of what happens when a soul reaches the nirvana. When the Nirvana is reached, the eternal reincarnation cycle ends.

The belief of reincarnation has been present since ancient times, in most oriental religions, such as Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism. Reincarnation is that a deceased person will return to life in a different physical form, however, reincarnating is seen as a punishment, because it is linked to the so -called "Karma Law", according to which the form of the successive reincarnation dependsof the actions that have been carried out in the previous stocks.

A virtuous life is eliminating accumulated karma and allows to be reborn in a more noble way, but, regardless of the body in which it is reborn, the pain of living continues to exist, without the renaissance chain can stop. All life becomes an inevitable pain without end, only by interrupting this endless chain could get inner peace. The solution proposed by Buddha is the purification of moral life to eliminate all forms of previous karma and, together with it, through meditation the cessation of all desire or longing, including the desire to live.

Buddhism is a philosophical and spiritual doctrine, that is, in Buddhism it is not believed in the existence of a god. Buddhism considers the state of "Nirvana" as the ideal state achieved by the individual when it is released from their ties, achieving the cessation of suffering, being perceived by the individual himself at the end of his spiritual search. That is why Buddhism is oriented to show liberation through spiritual beliefs and practices, which seek to develop positive states such as calm, concentration, consciousness, emotions, among others.

Buddhism does not perform postulates regarding a creator and their teachings are not dictated as beliefs or dogmas, but it is the same practitioners who must verify them for themselves and then internalize them.The purpose of Buddhism is the elimination of feelings of vital dissatisfaction, produced by anxious desire (understood as thirst, desire or greed). Buddhism was developed from the teachings of its founder Siddhartha Gautam. Siddhartha Gautama lived 2,500 years ago in northern India;After long years of effort, he achieved lighting being in a deep meditation. During the remaining years of his life, he traveled in much of northern India and spreads his teaching of the path towards lighting.

Buddhists perform meditation practices to reach Nirvana which is a state of eternal peace. To reach this "state of eternal peace", 8 steps must be followed, which are:

  • Straight knowledge of the four truths.
  • Straight attitude to stay away from desires, hate and malice.
  • Straight word: prudent and sincere language.
  • Straight action, which understands moral life.
  • Straight occupation, making a living without disturbing others.
  • Straight effort, repressing bad impulses and fostering good.
  • Straight thinking, striving to know the truth without passion.
  • Straight concentration, through the meditation that releases.


There are three human characteristics that the Buddhist must extinguish to achieve Nirvana, these characteristics are: the passion or sinful lust, aversion (hate) and voluntary ignorance (deliriro). Buddhism recommends the elimination of all desires, to get rid of these "wishes" one must want to disappear. According to Budduda Gautama "it is not richer who has the most, but who less needs" in this phrase the "being rich" is related to "being happy" and implies that to achieve happiness, it is not necessary to have an excess of thingsmaterials, just what is necessary to live.

Buddhism teaches that a person who arrives at the state of Nirvana loses all personal identity, all desire, and even loses his own body. The only means to explain that indescribable reality is silence.

According to Buddha Gautama “reflection is the way to immortality (Nirvana);The lack of reflection, the way to death ”, means that to achieve a state of peace which is the way to the Nirvana, it must be“ reflected ”, thinking and analyzing your actions, the lack of this reflection takes you toDeath, then, to achieve immortality, it is necessary to have a state of peace that is only achieved from that reflection.

In conclusion, the questions raised at the beginning of the investigation have been answered, obtaining in response that Nirvana is the state of liberation of the suffering of the world and describes someone who reaches a state of fullness and inner peace, is whenThe person ends his spiritual search and is free of ties. The Nirvana is reached when the person manages to extinguish all the desires of the human body and has its emotions in complete control;When the Nirvana is reached, the soul abandons the reincarnation cycle to exist spiritually.


  1. Yellow, a. AND. (September 9, 2018). Nirvana: The state of liberation. Retrieved on January 16, 2020, from https: // straight.com/nirvana-el-state-of-liberation/
  2. Elrond, l. (October 7, 2015). The Nirvana in Buddhism. Retrieved on January 16, 2020 from https: // rincondeltibet.com/blog/p-el-nirvana-en-el-budismo-3349
  3. Mirrors. (March 27, 2017). NIRVANA A connection state in 8 steps. Retrieved on January 16, 2020, from https: // rincondeltibet.com/blog/p-nirvana-un-state-of-conexion-in-8-peas-25241/
  4. Julian, p. P. (2008). Definition of Buddhism. Retrieved on January 16, 2020, from https: // definition.of/Buddhism/
  5. Lorena, r. (January 14, 2017). Buddhism: a way of life beyond religion. Retrieved on January 16, 2020, from https: // www.Casaasia.ES/News/Detail/218191-Budism-A-Form-De-Vida-Mas-Alalla-De-La-Religion

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