- Show more
Book review: The History of Colombia
This aims to be an introduction with few words while remaining deep, of various historical, political and social issues, whose purpose is to offer readers to take over a basic knowledge of these issues. Hence, the texts that are part of this collection have a great pages with a lot of historical information. One of the texts that was recently presented and that has had a lot of recognition in the media is the book "Minimum History of Colombia". The first human beings in Colombian territory are families living from the house,
The fishing and collection of vegetables and fruits These families are our ancestors had great knowledge of nature. They knew how. Were so to speak as one with nature. The families of the main tribes when divided created other different cultures by changing some aspects of the original that came. They knew agriculture later in a certain time, they sought the protein of the fishing and the house. Domesticated animals: how turkey and curí.
They allied with other tribes of Central America that brought corn and other foods, they knew the cassava better known as cassava brava and other tubers, already knowing the corn made a single region based on the three great Americas, they began to make ritesTo the dead to know what is called today the ‘religion’. The Spain of the discovery: the Spanish boat trips were too many, since they wanted to find a route between Europe and the East countries, the trips mixed many things the emotion of finding new lands that expected to be conquered.
New minerals, new species of plants and animals and what slaves could not miss for them. The trip that the Italian proposed to the kings of Spain, Spain at that time was in a war with the Arabs. The only characters that supported Italian Christop. The Spanish at the time predominated for the reason that metals knew how. The Colombian territory.
And its initial exploitation: one of the points where the book gives importance to one thing is that of the tensions between the Spanish settlers and the orders of the crown. Indeed, many of the provisions that came from the central power were never taken into account or by the authorities responsible for enforcing them, who were real officials, or for their recipients. The famous aphorism wants a time was "it is obeyed, but it is not fulfilled" born of this situation, and many have interpreted it as a way to keep peace between the different local entities and the crown.
Indeed, the king did not see his power for his rebel subjects, and the subjects made them fulfilled the King’s orders, but in truth they continued their own custom. The colony: The colony began between 1500 and 1550 when the Spaniards arrived in new lands began to put names on the different regions so as not to be confused, they began to name them cities, because many indigenous people were killed in the conquest so inAnother boat brought black from Africa. For this reason the immense miscegenation began between black, indigenous and white.
Since it was very easy to find gold and silver that was what were most interested they also took tobacco and quina crops. The commercial monopoly was established, for which all the activities of purchase and sale of goods were controlled by the crown. Unexpected independence: the independence of the current Republic of Colombia of Spain has a particular character, because more than an attempt to create a nation by the Creoles, independence ends up being an event led by the Napoleonic invasion of Spain to Spain. This experience of weakness of the extensive city is what leads to the Creoles consider that the time of Spain is ending.
And that it is necessary to break the health with the king. However, this is only definitively achieved in 1819, after several battles with the armies that swore loyalty to the king of Spain and an attempt to reconquer the lost territories. Finally, Independence was a process that culminated successfully and the question that new leaders began to be held was the way of governing these territories. They proposed that it was the order that was going to teach citizens the virtues of the Republic. On the contrary, others believed that it was the attachment to the law that was going to teach how to behave in the inhabitants of the Republic.
The Republic of Colombia: it is better known as the Gran Colombia 1819-1830, it was the great fruit of Simón Bolívar’s effort to make a regional integration official, it barely had a short validity of a decade. The denomination chosen for the Union of the Viceroyalty of New Granada with the General Captaincy of Venezuela is attributed to the precursor Francisco de Miranda. Gran Colombia was born on December 17, 1819 by the provision of the Angostura Congress;And he expired, in practice, on November 26, 1829 after popular pronouncement in Caracas that demanded to separate Venezuela from the Bogotá government and ignore the author’s authority.
The New Granada and the appearance of the parties: at the risk of excessively reducing the debates that occurred at that time, the issue went to consider whether the nascent republic should be organized federally and with little interference of the central power in the different entitiesTerritorial, there was a strong presence of the central power with little autonomy of the regions for the contario. In addition to the above, the other debate that arose was the role of the Catholic Church. Should the Catholic Church be the educator of citizens or not? What was the role of the Church in the public sphere? These debates led to the formulation of several laws that sought the separation of the ecclesiastical scope of the civilian.
However, at the end of the 19th century the idea of a strong central state was imposed together with a protection of the Catholic Church by the State, since it was the one that allowed to convert the inhabitants of the country into citizens. The Federal Republic: better known as the United States of Colombia was a federal state that made it Colombia and the famous Panama and small proportions of Brazil and Peru. The country was called "United States of Colombia" on February 3, 1863 by the Constitution of Río Negro which was said by the liberals after winning the civil war. This republic was created by radical liberals based on European constitutional models.
Without taking into account the differences between a capitalist system, and a system that just left a feudal economy. The great changes of the twentieth century: the twentieth century received a conservative and Catholic country, with a part of its severed territory, and with one of the longest civil wars that it has suffered. However, this conservative domain began, and the arrival of an industry and the appearance of mass culture allowed this domain to start staggering. This happened in the year of 1930, with the so -called Liberal Republic. During that time urban masses and trade union organizations had a stronger presence and voice in the country’s policy.
In the middle of the twentieth century the so -called violence arose, which ended because it is the genesis of the current conflict that still overwhelm the country. The book makes a very interesting synthesis of these events, although the final sensation is that the interpretation of the nineteenth century is much more robust than that of the twentieth century. However, and to have a road map to understand this intricate country, it is very recommended reading. The first with conclusion that the reader can come is that in the history of Colombia a lot of blood was spilled from our principles. When they killed our indigenous pasts until when it is currently seen in how politicians want to get to power anyway.
The other is that the Colombian land houses many wealth inside and that people want to destroy it as it gives rise to that only for taking those wealth. That we can see that our natives were equitable with their families and peoples was all that the same as sad to see how society has changed everyone wants to be the strongest, the one that stands out in being them first. It is sad to see how Colombian society is so mediocre in many ways, not being able to decide for themselves, not being able to get up the people before these leaders who do nothing for the country is so sad to see Colombia like this.